ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Nazmul S SultanSubscribe to Nazmul S Sultan

Independence, Freedom, Liberation

The idea of swadhinata (which translates as both freedom and independence), along with a novel conception of liberation (mukti), animated the founding discourse of Bangladesh in 1971. This paper explores how these ideas, and their longer histories, jostled together to shape the promise of Bangladesh’s founding. It also reflects on how the conflictual promise of 1971 underwrote the political history of post-independence Bangladesh.
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