ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by A NarayanamoorthySubscribe to A Narayanamoorthy

Is Bt Cotton Cultivation Economically Viable for Indian Farmers?

Though cotton has been cultivated predominantly in many parts of India, its productivity is one of the lowest in the world mainly due to attacks by pests/insects and low coverage of irrigation facility. Despite using pesticides, farmers are unable to control the bollworm, the key pest in cotton, that ravages up to 80 per cent of crop output. Bt cotton introduced in March 2002 for commercial cultivation in India is considered an important variety in protecting the crop from bollworm attack. However, not many credible studies are available focusing on the economic aspects of Bt cotton cultivation using properly designed sample survey data. In this paper, using data collected from 150 sample farmers from two districts in Maharashtra, an attempt has been made to study the economics of Bt cotton cultivation. This study provides an in-depth analysis of the impact of Bt cotton on pesticide use, costs of cultivation, productivity and profit.

State of India's Farmers

The Situation Assessment Survey of the farming community, commissioned by the ministry of agriculture and carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation, brings out the pathetic condition of India's farmers be it in income, expenditure or indebtedness.

Irrigation Development and Agricultural Wages

Irrigation impacts agricultural wage trends through increased demand for labour, cropping intensity and shift in the cropping pattern from low value crops to high value crops. An attempt is made here to explore the relationship between irrigation development and wage rate of agricultural labourers using statewise cross section data pertaining to five points of time: 1972-73, 1977-78, 1983, 1987-88 and 1993-94. The results of the study show that there is a positive impact of availability of irrigation on real wages of agricultural labourers. Also irrigation helps to narrow down the difference between the statutory minimum wages and prevailing wage rates. The gender wage differential is found to be narrowing at a faster rate in the states where irrigation is highe

Issues before Second Irrigation Commission of Maharashtra

Although irrigation is a state subject, central directives often change the course of the state policies. Maharashtra is the only state to have undertaken an analysis of the problems of irrigation with the help of the state machinery through various committees/commissions. The paper, in the context of the appointment of the Second Irrigation Commission in the state deals with the problems of irrigation at the country level as well as in some specific states. While privatisation has been a frequently suggested solution to all ills, it is necessary first to understand the problems and prospects of privatisation initiatives notably the Krishna Valley Project in the state.

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