ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by A NarayanamoorthySubscribe to A Narayanamoorthy

New ‘Water Management Paradigm’

This article critiques theMihir Shah Committee report and the articles about it in this journal (24 December 2016). It says that although the report has intended to be an attempt at restructuring of water institutions, it has, unfortunately ended just as an exercise in restructuring “water organisations,” and its contents get reduced to a mere “preface” rather than a serious analytical attempt towards a practical approach to institutional restructuring in the water sector.

Getting It Wrong

Ratnakar Tripathy’s “How Modi-Speak Boomeranged in Bihar” (EPW, 21 November 2015) misinterprets data on the elections in Bihar and fails to compare the outcome of previous elections with the most recent assembly elections. The data extracted from the website of the Election Commission of India...

Diagnosing Maharashtra's Water Crisis

The early rains of the 2013 monsoon ended the drought in Maharashtra. But the long-term problem remains. A combination of measures is required to tackle the issue.

Groundwater Irrigation versus Surface Irrigation

This response to "Will the Impact of the 2009 Drought Be Different from 2002?" (EPW, 12 September 2009) says that many of the arguments in the article proposing groundwater as India's prime adaptive mechanism in times of drought are fl awed and lack scientifi c support and that surface irrigation systems make a remarkable contribution to drought proofi ng in India. As such, balanced development of surface water and groundwater is an urgent need.

Turnaround in Financial Recovery in Maharashtra's Irrigation Sector

Despite a number of policy measures in almost all the states, the financial performance of the irrigation sector has been deteriorating over the years because of rising operation and maintenance expenditure as well as low and revised water rates. Meanwhile, Maharashtra has achieved an over 100 per cent recovery rate in the irrigation sector since the beginning of 2002-03. This study analyses the factors behind this impressive turnaround in the financial recovery rate. It specifically studies the water rates, working expenditures as well as financial recovery in Maharashtra vis-à-vis other states since the 1970s. The study suggests clearly that the financial recovery rate of the irrigation sector can be increased if economic and institutional reforms are packaged and sequenced appropriately along with an upward revision of water rates.

Deceleration in Agricultural Growth

It was recently pointed out by prime minister Manmohan Singh that "technology fatigue" is the prime reason for the deceleration in agricultural growth. Is this the only reason for the slowdown or can it be attributed to ineffective policies as well?

Relief Package for Farmers: Can It Stop Suicides?

The relief package for Vidarbha's farmers, announced in early July, will not end distress in the region because it does not address its root causes.

Is Bt Cotton Cultivation Economically Viable for Indian Farmers?

Though cotton has been cultivated predominantly in many parts of India, its productivity is one of the lowest in the world mainly due to attacks by pests/insects and low coverage of irrigation facility. Despite using pesticides, farmers are unable to control the bollworm, the key pest in cotton, that ravages up to 80 per cent of crop output. Bt cotton introduced in March 2002 for commercial cultivation in India is considered an important variety in protecting the crop from bollworm attack. However, not many credible studies are available focusing on the economic aspects of Bt cotton cultivation using properly designed sample survey data. In this paper, using data collected from 150 sample farmers from two districts in Maharashtra, an attempt has been made to study the economics of Bt cotton cultivation. This study provides an in-depth analysis of the impact of Bt cotton on pesticide use, costs of cultivation, productivity and profit.

State of India's Farmers

The Situation Assessment Survey of the farming community, commissioned by the ministry of agriculture and carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation, brings out the pathetic condition of India's farmers be it in income, expenditure or indebtedness.

Irrigation Development and Agricultural Wages

Irrigation impacts agricultural wage trends through increased demand for labour, cropping intensity and shift in the cropping pattern from low value crops to high value crops. An attempt is made here to explore the relationship between irrigation development and wage rate of agricultural labourers using statewise cross section data pertaining to five points of time: 1972-73, 1977-78, 1983, 1987-88 and 1993-94. The results of the study show that there is a positive impact of availability of irrigation on real wages of agricultural labourers. Also irrigation helps to narrow down the difference between the statutory minimum wages and prevailing wage rates. The gender wage differential is found to be narrowing at a faster rate in the states where irrigation is highe

Issues before Second Irrigation Commission of Maharashtra

Although irrigation is a state subject, central directives often change the course of the state policies. Maharashtra is the only state to have undertaken an analysis of the problems of irrigation with the help of the state machinery through various committees/commissions. The paper, in the context of the appointment of the Second Irrigation Commission in the state deals with the problems of irrigation at the country level as well as in some specific states. While privatisation has been a frequently suggested solution to all ills, it is necessary first to understand the problems and prospects of privatisation initiatives notably the Krishna Valley Project in the state.
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