ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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TRIBALS-Pains of Industrialisation

proportion of large loans given at over 16 per cent was 12.8 per cent. The Reserve Bank study says, "as much as 71 per cent of the total credit given to medium and large industry was of large limits (over Rs 25 lakhs). However, only 11 per cent of these large loans was PANPOSH sub-division of Sunderghad district in Orissa, where the Rourkela industrial complex is located, is bounded by Ranchi district in the north, Singhbhum district in the east, Bonai sub-division in the south, and Sunderghad sub-division in the west. It has an area of 1,840 sq kin and a population of a little over 400,000. The tribals constitute 43.15 per cent of this population. The principal tribal communities here are Oraons and Mundas.

SCHEDULED TRIBES- Exploited by Co-operatives

Calcutta's sky is narrowing with every day. As one strains to look out from here, the Emergency appears to have a one-dimensional entity. It is through the powers conferred upon the authorities by the Emergency that the latter have been licensed to kill, maim, torture, lock up thousands of young ideologues, perhaps the richest crop the Bengali community has produced in a generation. You and I would have often sharply disagreed with their views, their processes of thought would cut diametrically across yours and mine. Still, they belonged to us; their courage and sense of imagination were, one dares say, among this nation's richest heritage. They could have constituted the capital stock on which could develop magnificent skills, magnificent technology, magnificent literature, a magnificent society. But the Prime Minister chose. Under the cloak of the Emergency, she worked out an arrangement: the idealists were liquidated or delivered to prison, the franchise to rule was awarded to a bunch of hood lums. In a sense, she is right. It is an emergency, a threat exists to the nation's security: she is the threat. Whoever diminishes the nation affects its security; she has diminished, and is diminishing, the nation.

Tribal Revolt in Parvatipuram Agency

and all such rebellious acts were forbidden by Stalin, even though the first successful challenge was made by Yugoslavia in 1948. No concessions in this respect were granted to the national requirements of states within the Soviet bloc until the fifties. The establishment of the Red Chinese regime, the deathof Stalin, the rapprochement with Tito and events in 1956 all compelled the CPSU to recognise, however reluctantly, that each communist country had a right to pursue its own road to socialism "provided it does so within the framework of proletarian solidarity''. The Sino-Soviet conflict, characterised by fierce competition between the two great socialist states, has offered the smaller states their first opportunity to take advantage of this right to pursue their own brand of socialism. Polycentrism is now a permanent fixture despite Moscow's attempt at unity under Soviet hegemony

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