ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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BIHAR-The Seven Blind Men . . .

A large number of questions raised in the discussion sessions at the various Krishi Melas this year pertained to the experience of the farmers with the new technology recommended by the agricultural scientists. A majority of the farmers complained that both in terms of physical yields and net economic returns, the new technology (particularly HYV wheat) has given much lower performance on their fields compared to the results (including those of the National Demonstracion Schemes) demonstrated at the Melas. The scientists' stock answer was that the relatively poor results were clue probably to the farmers' failure to use the inputs according to the recommendations. However, there could be many other reasons for the performance gap of the new farm technology in the two situations, such as : lack of uniformity in the accounting system followed by the two for estimating input costs, large number of constraints and uncertainties affecting input availability to the farmers (which are almost unknown to the operators of experimental farms), and the tendency to overstate and understate the achievements on the part of the scientists and the farmers, respectively. A farmer in one of the Mela discussions even went to the extent of accusing the scientists that they had been largely responsible for 'provoking' the government to set up the Raj Committee on Agricultural Taxation.

BANARAS UNIVERSITY- Students Can Be Pawns

April 7, 1973 102 crores, an increase of 16 per cent over the previous year. Besides, the year would end with a deficit of Rs 44.18 crores on revenue account. No fresh taxes have been proposed. The Finance Minister is pinning his faith on the Finance Commission to solve the problems of the state. And upto a point, the Finance Minister was prepared to agree with the opposition that the rising prices, growing unemployment and widening inequalities were the result of the wrong policies of the Central government. But his approach to the Centre to get the policies changed is similar to that of the moderates during the British days. Those who watched the performance of the Finance Minister could not fail to appreciate the Governor's sense of humour or cynicism (depending on how one looks at it) when he finished his address with a prayer to God to bless the state.

BANARAS UNIVERSITY-Part of a Pattern

tion, and engaged in labour on large capitalist farms. It must be emphasised that, in Shahada, the rich peasants are no allies of the small peasants and landless workers. They arc the principal enemy. This calls for a thorough re-examination of the Left parties' analyses, programmes and policies.

LAW- Teja Scapegoat or Deterrent

December 9, 1972 formula, seeks to postpone the moment of truth. The Telengana leaders were climbing down in their negotiations and were prepared to accept a firm cut-off date for the Mulki Rules, But the award giyes the Mulki Rules a new lease, of over six years, where .in normal course they would have expired in March 1974. A distinction has also been made between Hyderabad-Secunderabad, which is part of Telengana, and the rest of the Telengana region.

DELHI UNIVERSITY- The Cost of Victory

indigenously designed, it would have cost about a lakh of rupees towards capital equipment and about the same amount towards salaries and components.

Violence in the Capital s slums

India has heen twice shaken by moh violence and rioting. The outbreak in Shahdara was quickly followed by four days of trouble in Karol Bagh, a busy commercial centre and residential area. Close on the heels of these came the 'operation bus hi jacking' by students, who took advantage of the volatile situation to settle scores with the Delhi Transport Corporation which runs a woefully bad transport service.

BIHAR- Syndrome of Underdevelopment

September 16, 1972 entirely with reserve currencies. It is only when the international monetary system does away with the national reserve currencies that the option of prompt exchange rate adjustment will be available to all countries and the store of value function of the reserve assets will not fall victim to the fortunes of particular national currencies. The insistence by France that gold, and not the SDRs, should be such a reserve asset is unlikely to be acceptable to a majority of the IMF members. On this point the French are fighting a losing battle.

FEROZABAD-Anatomy of a Riot

August 19, 1972 FEROZABAD Anatomy of a Riot Suneet Chopra N K Singh ACCORDING to reports, specific allegations have been registered about police excesses in Ferozabad riots and the Criminal Investigation Department has been asked to investigate these. This step was taken after UP's Inspector General of Police had made an on-the-spot official inquiry. Leaders of most political parties who visited Ferozabad, including Congress's Subhadra Joshi, are said to have corroborated this viewpoint and blamed the Provincial Armed Constabulary and the state police for hav ing fanned the riots.

BIHAR- Gimmick That Boomeranged

 land "irrigated from government sources and capable of growing at least two crops". This would exempt all lands irrigated by private tube-wells of which there are almost a hundred thousand in the region, according to the latest figures. Practically every medium-size holding has a tube-well which, like the tractor, has become almost a status symbol. Even canal-irrigated lands are dotted with private tube-wells whereas Government tube-wells number only 865. The prospect of any radical land reform is thus severely limited even if the norms enunciated by the Centre are .strictly enforced. The landowners who constitute a majority of both Congress and Akali legislators know this well. This also means that the traditional structure of political power will in turn remain unchanged.

BIHAR-Many Faces of Caste Politics

BIHAR Many Faces of Caste Politics N K Singh Adult franchise made a difference, by bringing the backward castes within the political arena. At the same time, the rise of the opposition parties was able to cash in on this change. Among the political parties, the main beneficiary of 'backwardism' was the SSP which, under the leadership of the late Ram Manohar Lohia, made 'backwardism' into a near-croed. It was able to emerge as the second largest party in the 1967 elections and again in the 1969 mid-term poll. With the SSP's backing and their numerical superiority (52 per cent of the total population belonging to this group) backward caste leaders soon came into the limelight and were able to make wide political gains. Of the seven Chief Ministers of Bihar since 1967, four have been of backward castes and one a Harijan.

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