ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Was Collapse of CPSU Inevitable-A Polemical Essay

A Polemical Essay N K Chandra Was the Soviet experiment doomed from its inception, as the 'totalitarian' school of western scholars has maintained? Their main arguments are: the seizure of power in 1917 was an anti-democratic coup d'etat leading necessarily to a one-party state, Stalin was the logical heir to Lenin, and industrialisation through forced collectivisation was the corollary to the dogma on state planning; even when growing weaknesses came to light, every attempt at radical reform, political or economic, from within came to nought because of the incompatibility with the monopoly power of the party-state. This article questions each of these assertions by exploring the political alternatives to the actual course of history that emerged at some crucial moments, the Soviet debates on alternatives to command planning; the factors leading up to perestroika and why it failed, and finally the meaning of democracy and 'legitimacy' in the Soviet context.

Political Economy of India

N K Chandra India Mortgaged : A Marxist-Leninist Appraisal by T Nagi Reddy; Tarimela Nagi Reddy Memorial Trust, Anantapuram, Andhra Pradesh, 1978; pp xxiv+407, hardcover Rs 40 and paperback Rs 25.

Monopoly Capital, Private Corporate Sector and the Indian Economy-A Study in Relative Growth, 1931-76

India has never been through a period of competitive capitalists In the past foreign dominations, feudal relations in agriculture, lack of incentive for domestic industries, and the existence, often with the encouragement of the colonial power, of a host of monopolies (local, regional or national) in trade and finance, constituted effective barriers to the emergence of capitalism.

WEST BENGAL LAND REFORMS BILL-I-Major Move against Semi-Feudal Tenancy

November 26, 1977 WEST BENGAL LAND REFORMS BILL-I Major Move against Semi-Feudal Tenancy THE West Bengal Land Reforms' (Amendment) Bill, 1977, passed by the State Assembly at its last session, marks an important step forward. With consummate skill Benoy Chow- dhury, the veteran peasant leader and now the Minister of Land and Land Revenue, piloted the bill through the Assembly in an astonishingly short period of a couple of days. For once, all the Left parties, including those in opposition like the CPI, the SUC and the CPI(M-L) represented by San tosh Rana backed Benoy Chow- dhury to the hilt against the combined onslaught of Janata and Congress. True to their class character the spokesmen of these two parties expressed vague sentiments in favour of the rural poor, but wanted to kill time by referring the bill to a select committee; once the demand was refected, they walked out of the House, It was not a case of a storm in a tea cup. The issues at stake are rather far-reaching. The three-and-a- half-page bill has three major provisions.

Monopoly Legislation and Policy in India

N K Chandra The package of measures now being implemented in India is more likely to accentuate rather than remove the structural defects of the industrialisation strategy pursued in the, post-war period. With this strategy not only will monopolies continue to prosper at the expense of smaller units, but stagnation in the market for industrial goods, due mainly to the rising volume and rate of unemployment, is likely to worsen. At the same time a move towards wholesale liberalisation of the economy by dismantling all sorts of controls in the spheres of industrial investment, imports and exports as recommended by the World Bank, etc, will not alter the direction of change.

USSR and Third World Unequal Distribution of Gains

of Gains N K Chandra This paper starts with the premise that for nearly every Third World country some economic relations with the USSR is incomparably more advantageous than exclusive reliance on the Western imperialist group of nations. What, however, is not clear is the distribution of gains, which, this paper seeks to examine.

Food Imports Why and for Whom

N K Chandra Once again India is importing foodgrains on a massive scale. Are these imports entirety due to poor harvests? Could not have alternative domestic policies drastically reduced, if not eliminated, imports of foodgrains in the past?

Western Imperialism and India Today

This paper has attempted to investigate a few related aspects of the manifold economic ties between India and the Western powers. Much of the present structure of the relationships has been historically determined by nearly two centuries of British ride. Yet the attainment of political freedom by India and most other countries in the third world has bred the illusion that the latter group of countries ipso facto pursue their national interests in their dealings with their ex-masters.

Western Imperialism and India TodayI

N K Chandra This paper attempts to investigate a few related aspects of the manifold economic ties between India and the Western powers. Much of the present structure of relationships has been historically deter- mined by nearly two centuries of British rule. Yet the attainment of political freedom by India and most other countries in the Third World has bred the illusion that the tatter group of countries ipso facto pursue their national interests in their dealings with ex-masters.

The Class Character of the Pakistani State

N K Chandra The Muslim League, the main political force behind the creation of Pakistan, was from its inception dominated by two classes: the zamindars from north-west India and the traders from western India. Even after the numerically dominant poor Muslim peasants from East Bengal rallied to the League, its organisation remained very firmly under the control of these two classes.

Differential Rates of Interest-A Note

A Note N K Chandra THERE are essentially two policy issues involved in the current controversy over differential rates of interest (RI):(a) Should the larger undertakings (LU) in the organised private sector pay a higher RI than at present? (b) Should the smaller undertakings or units (SU)' in industry or in agriculture pay a substantially lower RI than the former group?

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