ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Mridul EapenSubscribe to Mridul Eapen

Gendering the Twelfth Plan: A Feminist Perspective

A gendered analysis of the Approach Paper to the Twelfth Five-Year Plan suggests that women must be recognised as growth agents in India's political economy across all sectors. The gendering of public policy must move into macroeconomic space. While "inclusion" is listed as an objective, there is lack of clarity on the mechanisms for including the excluded, and for measuring and monitoring inclusiveness over the plan period. From a gender point of view, the generation of livelihoods and employment should be the central driving force for growth, and the resources generated should support social policies that universalise education, health and social security.

Sexual Harassment:Not Fitting the Bill

In 1997 the Supreme Court issued the Visakha guidelines to prevent sexual harassment of women at the workplace until a suitable law was passed. A draft bill in 2005 was followed by yet another draft in 2007. A report of a discussion in Kochi.

What Are We Fearing?

In the context of the furore over the passing of the Women’s Reservation Bill in the Rajya Sabha and its doubtful journey to the Lok Sabha in this session, it is useful to examine the experience in Kerala’s last assembly elections in 2006.

Looking beyond Gender Parity

Kerala has been considered relatively free from the conventional restrictions against women's education and employment, or women owning property. Indeed, the state level gender development index estimated by several scholars places Kerala ahead of other states. But a decomposition of this index reveals that the top position in education and health masks the poor employment profile of women in the state. Besides, the state witnesses negative trends in women's property rights, rapid growth and spread of dowry and rising gender-based violence. This paper engages critically with gender performance in select dimensions of well-being.

Women in Informal Sector in Kerala

Though statistics reveal the increase in women's employment in Kerala's 'informal' sector, this employment is more in the nature of casual and irregular, contractual labour. Moreover, though women's earnings contribute substantially to the household, this is more often than not denigrated. Women, especially in the lower classes and the lower castes, not only have to cope with physical hardships that impact their health, they continue to be paid much lower wages than men in the same category.

Rural Non-farm Employment-Some Reflections on Petty Production

Some Reflections on Petty Production Mridul Eapen Although the growth of tiny enterprises in rural areas has resulted largely from lack of alternative employment opportunities, they are often viable undertakings which make an important contribution to the economic survival of the rural poor. As such, micro-enterprises need to be supported by better access to institutional finance through rural banking, a strategy not likely to be encouraged by the increasingly market-oriented financial policies.

Rural Non-Agricultural Employment in Kerala-Inter-District Variations

This paper focuses on changes between 1971 and 1991 in inter-district variations in rural non-agricultural employment in Kerala. The determinants of non-agricultural employment are examined through correlation analysis.

Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation in Kerala

Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation in Kerala Mridul Eapen This study attempts to understand change and response in (he female labour market in Kerala, emphasising primarily the demographic aspects. The focus is on the pattern of fertility decline which could partly explain the observed decline in work participation rates of married women. More importantly, it is hypothesised that the functioning of the female labour market may have induced a certain response affecting fertility behaviour On the expectation that the difficulties in securing work for the woman are temporary, couples would be encouraged to bring forward the period of child-bearing and complete family size within a shorter span of time to enable participation later.

Indian Industrialisation Strategy Changes and Issues for Research

Changes and Issues for Research Mridul Eapen The seminar on Indian Industrialisation at the Centre for Development Studies, Trivandrum, dealt with (i) certain macro aspects such as industrial growth, productivity, efficiency, technology and competitiveness; (ii) industry-specific performance and problems; and (iii) the political economy of industrialisation in terms of the relationship between State and Capital, Indian and foreign. A report.


dha. Slowly the commotion in the media regarding the fire died down. As time passed the slum residents grew nervous at the government's silence in regard to the future of the slum. The Rahvasi Sanghatna decided to get the government to take a stand.


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