ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Mohua RoySubscribe to Mohua Roy

Development Banks and the Changing Contour of Industrial Credit in India

The gradual evolution of industrial credit in India in the last three decades is examined against the backdrop of significant structural change in ownership and regulation in the Indian banking sector. The impact of institutional changes in the Indian banking sector during the post-liberalisation phase, especially in the form of the gradual winding up of development financial institutions, on the institutional credit flow to industry is analysed. There is a significant impact of the changing ownership structure of banks on the sectoral allocation of credit. Based on the analysis of sectoral credit flow from the commercial banks and specialised term-lending institutions in India over the last three decades, the need for creating a professional talent pool within the commercial banks for term-lending as well as lending to small entrepreneurs is underscored.

A Review of Bank Lending to Priority and Retail Sectors

The surge in bank credit in the last couple of years has been an encouraging phenomenon in Indiaâ??s banking sector. This reflects as much the turnaround in the economy as the improved balance sheets of the banks themselves. However, though overall credit growth has been of a high order, the expansion of agricultural credit and credit to small-scale industries sector has not kept pace with it. Retail credit, which is growing from a very low base, has expanded rapidly during this period. While consumption-led growth can help improve the growth rates in the economy, it would also result in increasing risks.
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