ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by M VijayabaskarSubscribe to M Vijayabaskar

Saving Agricultural Labour from Agriculture: SEZs and Politics of Silence in Tamil Nadu

The differential responses to the implementation of special economic zones across states offer an opening to understand how policy implementation gets shaped by the regional political economy. Despite being home to a large number of SEZs, Tamil Nadu has been one state which has not witnessed resistance to SEZs in general, and land acquisition in particular, on a scale comparable to states with a similar history of SEZs. This paper offers a few plausible explanations for this phenomenon. It points out that there are clear structural reasons for the willingness of farmers to give up their land and move away from agriculture.

Limits and Possibilities of Middle Class Associations as Urban Collective Actors

Studies on Resident Welfare Associations draw attention to their predominantly middle class and exclusive character. Based on survey and ethnographic data on such associations across diverse neighbourhoods in Bangalore, this paper reveals the fractured, often contradictory, nature of claims made by different sections of middle class. The category urban "middle class" is too homogeneous to account for the multiple locations, interests, and varied access to power of different sections. Homogenising the middle class produces a "middle class-urban poor" dualism which elides critical factors shaping middle class mobilisation, internal conflicts, and local histories and geographies of development of specific neighbourhoods that are integrally linked to land values. This mapping of middle class action also contributes to our understanding of the process of structuration of urban spaces as new strategies are deployed to transform Indian cities.

Producing Worker-Subjects for Global Capital

Producing Worker-Subjects for Global Capital M Vijayabaskar Changes in labour markets and labour processes are arguably among the most critical of the many socio-economic processes that globalisation transforms and engenders. The increasing spatial dispersal of production processes and the domineering influence of lead firms that orchestrate such dispersal prompt questions about the quality of work and employment generated and implications for socio-economic equity in low-income countries. Anthropologists of globalisation contend that rather than a mere diffusion of global work and employment practices, the outcomes are highly mediated. The articulation of local agencies and institutions with the global produces new forms of work practices, controls, negotiations and importantly, new identities based on globalised work and consumption. Ethnographers of global work like Carla Freeman, Leslie Salzinger and Aihwa Ong, for instance, have produced extremely interesting narratives on how the new forms of work and control regimes intersect with the local to produce new subjectivities, forms of resistance and control. In India, the software and information technology-enabled services (ITES) sector has been the global face of its economic confidence. Employing large numbers of middle class professionals at high salary levels and contributing substantially to exports, the sector

The Many Messages of Sivaji

Sivaji The Boss may appear to be just an extravagant blockbuster, but this Tamil film with an entrepreneur-technocrat hero who takes on a corrupt bureaucrat-politician nexus reflects certain aspects of the changing Indian economy. With larger-than-life superstar Rajinikanth in the lead, it also "oozes southern confidence" in a scenario dominated by Hindi cinema and reaches out to a pan-Indian audience.

Technology as Agent of Development

Technology as Agent of Development The New Economy in Development: ICT Challenges and Opportunities edited by Anthony P D

Cross-Country Comparisons of Software Growth

operate more efficiently. This resonates strongly with prescriptions that are part of Cross-Country Comparisons a post-Washington consensus which requires the state to play a supportive role for the market economy to function.

ICT and Indian Development

The experience of production, diffusion and use of ICTs in India has been intriguing and complex. Not only does India have one of the fastest growing ICT sectors in the world, it is also home to one of the largest set of civil society experiments using ICTs to empower the marginalised. Against the backdrop of these issues and concerns deliberations at a three-day international seminar held in December 2002 found that lessons learnt in the ICT sector about the complexity of technological diffusion and social change and the importance of public policy institutions have not found their way into policy-making.

Industrial Growth and Structure-Analysis of Manufacturing Sector in Karnataka

This article attempts a disaggregated analysis of growth and structure of the manufacturing sector at the district and industry levels. The analysis points to a growing capitalisation of the industrial sector as a whole and stagnant employment growth in the otherwise employment augmenting industries. Some policy recommendations are made based on the analysis.


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