ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Helping the Down-trodden NTR Way

M Shatrugna Two recent government orders to the Telugu Desam government in Andhra Pradesh will drastically reduce the share of benefits accruing to the scheduled castes and tribes under the IRDP programme in the state and the state government's weaker sections housing programme.

ANDHRA PRADESH-Charity Begins in the House

rich peasants in Pravaranagar area that there should be a well-defined public policy on the sharing of waters amongst sugarcane cultivators situated upstream and down-stream of a canal irrigation system. This is indeed a comic and curious situation since the demand for equitable sharing of water has precisely come from a lobby of rich peasants who are threatened for the first time in the last 35 years. This demand is symptomatic of the larger conflict on equity that will inevitably shape the politics of Maharashtra. Hence we have considered that the question of equitable sharing of gains of irrigation is not exactly a hypothetical one that can be put off to a more convenient future time, (iii) The next logical option is to equalise the rates of lift and flow irrigation. Once we accept the idea that the irrigation water should be shared over a large area and amongst a greater number of cultivators then this equalisation of costs becomes self- evident. It should be comparable to freight equalisation of steel over the entire country once steel is considered as a basic input of the industrialisation strategy. With this equalisation, the farmers who are situated beyond the command of flow irrigation canal system would have access to seasonal irrigation by way of lifting the water from the canal. This cost of lifting should be subsidised as a matter of public policy on equity.

ANDHRA PRADESH-Plight of Prisoners in Vizag Jail

lower than the 4.5 per cent recorded in the 1982-83 season. The price increase was kept down mainly due to the fall in prices of 'primary articles', which offset the Budget- induced increase in the major groups 'manufactured products' and 'fuel, power, light and lubricants'. Primary articles recorded a decline of 1.5 per cent as against a rise of 1.6 per cent in 1983-84 and 5,2 per cent rise

ANDHRA PRADESH- Who Cares about Academic Autonomy

tion from 1952 to 1969. During this long period of Congress rule, the Corporation earned notoriety for maladministration, nepotism and corruption. The UF administered the Corporation from 1969 to 1972 and the Corporation has been in the direct control of the Left Front government from 1977 to 1985. Though civic workers and employees earned important economic concessions during this period, civic services showed no remarkable improvement. There was, of course, marked improvement in filtered water supply and improvement in the bustees were effected by the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority, But conservancy services or the drainage system showed little improvement. Often the piled-up garbage is removed at the personal initiative of the minister-in-charge. The people of Calcutta have suffered from bad condition of civic services. Nepotism and corruption were not curbed during this period. Moreover, the bureaucratic set-up of the civic administration was much strengthened during this period. Even on the eve of elections, this process continued. But there was little improvement in work. All these factors harmed the cause of the Left Front. So Calcutta people did not expect either the Left Front or the Congress(I) to alleviate their sufferings by improving the civic services. As the voters in West Bengal are polarised, the people of Calcutta voted according to their political loyalty. It was thought that local issues would influence the Calcutta voters, but this was not the case in the recent civic election. Though official figures have not yet been published, it is reported that 50 per cent of the total of 25 lakh voters cast their votes. Considering the inclement weather on the polling day and lack of any extra enthusiasm on the part of the people, the voting percentage was not insignificant. It has been reported in one daily newspaper that in the 41 Wards, the Left Front got 6,12,552 votes while the Congress(I) polled 6,31,021 votes, that is, the Congress(I) polled about 18,000 more votes than the Left Front. Another daily reported that the Congress(I) polled 5,95,410 votes while the Left Front polled 5,83,040 votes. In any case, the Congress(I) polled more votes. But in the 1984 Lok Sabha elections, the Congress(I) had polled three lakh votes more than the Left Front. The Left Front Chairman Saroj Mukherjee has claimed that as the CPI(M) took lessons from the Lok Sabha elections, it has been able to correct its mistakes and has oriented its work in the interests of poor and middle class people who have supported the Left Front in the civic elections. How far this claim is justified is yet to be seen. From the pattern of votes in different Wards, certain general conclusions can be drawn. The CPI(M) and the Left Front regained their position in the areas inhabited predominantly by the refugee population which have been a traditional stronghold of the communists. This position had been lost in the last Lok Sabha elections; but in the civic elections, the Left Front won all the 14 seats. The majority of ''bustee' people also generally voted in favour of the Left Front. In the predominantly Hindi speaking areas, the Left Front lost heavily as was expected. But in many of the predominantly Muslim areas also the Left Front lost. This feature was also seen in the last Lok Sabha elections. A considerable section of the Muslim minority has moved away from the Left Front. In the areas predominantly inhabited by traditional "Calcuttans" in central and north Calcutta and even south Calcutta, the Left Front fared badly. Many erstwhile UF councillors who were supported by the Left Front suffered defeat. Not only the upper middle class but a section of the middle class also continue to stay away from the Left Front which has to probe deeply into the causes of this. Particular attention has to be paid to the Muslims.

ANDHRA PRADESH-More Police Killings

large unsatisfied demand for durable synthetic and blended fabrics at cheaper prices. This together with the production of controlled cloth is expected to raise per capita consumption of textiles to higher levelsThe problem with controlled cloth has been mentioned earlier

ANDHRA PRADESH- Myth of Minimum Wages for Agricultural Labour

ment departments is insignificant. The saying goes that the import policy is framed by DGTD, announced by CCI and E and implemented by the Customs. Information flow, specially on clarifications, is both slow and ANDHRA PRADESH insufficient. The new policy is the old policy of the last eight years of liberalisation without clarity and orientation. What is different is that this time the country may not have its own funds to pay for all the imports generated.

ANDHRA PRADESH-Eye-Wash of Patta Distribution

ANDHRA PRADESH Eye-Wash of 'Patta' Distribution M Shatrugna THE attack on harijans by caste Hindu landlords on February 14 at Moogavada village of Punganur taluk in Chittoor and the failure of the authorities to provide security to the affected is yet another incident in the growing atrocities on weaker sections in the country. Though the incident did draw some attention in the local press, adequate importance has not been given to the developments,To fill this gap a Fact Finding Committee (FFC) constituted by Salaha (Forum for Legal Assistance and Education) visited Punganur and Moogavada village on February 20 and furnished a report.

ANDHRA PRADESH- Police Killing of Political Activists in Kondapur

the start of construction. This delay would adversely affect the down-stream fertiliser projects, especially the plant at Guna in Madhya Pradesh which is under construction but cannot now expect gas to be available when it is ready for commissioning. The foreign exchange cost of the gas pipeline project would go up enormously under the turnkey arrangement. It would, therefore, be interesting to know the financing pattern that is being arranged for the project.

ANDHRA PRADESH-Repeat Performance

ANDHRA PRADESH Repeat Performance M Shatrugna REMINISCENT of the 1983 poll, in the Assembly elections the Congress(I) has been defeated in more than 240 constituencies covering all the three regions of Andhra Pradesh. While the party had polled about 42 per cent of vote in the Lok Sabha poll and secured a lead in more 75 assembly constituencies, it could win only 37 per cent of votes and 49 assembly seats this time.

ANDHRA PRADESH- Taming the Press

ANDHRA PRADESH Taming the Press M Shatrugna WHILE the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad were more or less free of the menace of communalism for well over 30 years, it assumed serious proportions after the Emergency. The problem, which needs a thorough analysis if it is to be seriously controlled, has once again been treated as a law and order problem by the government. The communal problem in Hyderabad is by and large an 'old city' problem. Lack of basic elvic amenities for people, failure of the Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah Trust which was supposed to finance developmental activity, emergence of the BJP as a major political force, the stranglehold of the Majhs over the Muslim community, are some of 'he reasons for this growing problem. Government, instead of meeting this problem ut the political, developmental and cultural levels, has been giving more powers to the police to deal with it.

ANDHRA PRADESH- Suppressing Rural Unrest

ANDHRA PRADESH Suppressing Rural Unrest M Shatrugna THE Andhra Pradesh government has announced recently that two more battalions of the CRPF will be added to the already existing Andhra Pradesh Special Police (APSP) in the five Telengana districts of Warangal, Kareemnagar, Khammam, Nizamabad and Adilabad to 'root out' the 'naxa- lite' menace. Large parts of Warangal, kareemnagar and Khammam have been already . declared as 'disturbed areas' under the Disturbed Area Act, 1948.


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