ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by M S S PandianSubscribe to M S S Pandian

Church and Social Change in South Travancore

Conversion and Social Equality in India: The London Missionary Society in South Travancore in the 19th Century by Dick Kooiman; Manohar Publications, New Delhi, 1989; pp xi + 236.

Culture and Subaltern Consciousness-An Aspect of MGR Phenomenon

An Aspect of MGR Phenomenon M S S Pandian This essay is about how dominant ideologies succeed in the terrain of struggle and produce consent among the subaltern classes. This process is illustrated by exploring the screen image of MGR and its insertion in the pre-existing common sense of the subaltern classes in Tamil Nadu.

On Approaches to Apartheid

On Approaches to Apartheid M S S Pandian THIS slender volume on the history of apartheid in South Africa proceeds with two objectives. First, it intends to develop a critique of the existing theoretical positions on the relationship between race and class and the nature of the political system in South Africa. Taking this critique as a point of departure, secondly, the book aims to analyse the post-1948 political formation in South Africa within a historical perspective. The book is divided into five chapters. The first two chapters provide, through a review of literature, a detailed theoretical critique of the existing South African studies. In the third chapter, the author, informed by the shortcomings of the existing approaches, sets out his own perspective on apartheid. The last two chapters give a concrete analysis of the political formation in South Africa in the post-1948 period.

Jayalalitha Sworn Heir

M S S Pandian Geetha V One of the major reasons why in the Tamil Nadu assembly elections Jayalalitha was able to legitimise herself as the true heir to MGR's mantle while Janaki failed is that Jayalalitha and AIADMK(JL) used certain cultural presuppositions of patriarchy elaborated and reified by MGR.

Varadaraja Mudaliar Counter-Obituary

away for the railway line will be compensated as per the rehabilitation policy of the project. The experience of the people in these villages, however, bely such expectations.

College Teachers Strike in Tamil Nadu-An Interim Report

country, while the two communist parties in India have, at least in some of their recent pronouncements, come to hold Rajiv Gandhi responsible for contributing to a large measure to this growing threat. Indeed, this distinctive perception of the CPI and CPI(M) is at the root of a fundamental dilemma in their tactical formulations and operations. But of this, later The second presumption of the Indian commentators about the existence of some enforceable obligation on the Indian communist parties to toe the Soviet line is completely baseless. This only once again vindicates the truth of Marx's statement that "the traditions of all the dead generations weigh like a nightmare on the part of the living", in this instance, the critics of the Indian communist parties. They forget the fact that much water has flowed down the Volga, Yangtse, Tiber and Ganga since the time when monolithism was the order of the international communist movement. More particularly, they forget the facts that the CPI(M) was born as a separate party with the outspoken condemnation of the CPSU as 'revisionist' and that the CPI some years ago nonchalantly decided to suffer a second split when it parted company with S A Dange, a founder-member of the pre-split CPI, on the issue of purported loyalty to the Soviet line on Indira Gandhi and her government.

Peasants, Natural Resource Use and State Intervention in Nanchilnadu, 1850-1940

Struggle among different competing interests to exercise control over the use of natural resources is an important aspect of human history. This paper traces the consequences of state intervention in the traditional resourse use pattern of a paddy growing micro-region in south India during 1850 to 1940. The geographical confines of the study is Nanchilnadu which comprised of the two taluks of Agastiswaram and Tovalai in the present Kanyakumari district State intervention in Nanchilnadu, the author argues, destroyed the pre-existing physical balance between crop land and non-crop land in the region as a basis for the reproduction of paddy technology. Consequently, Nanchilnadu peasants were increasingly forced into the market as buyers of various agricultural inputs. This involvement of the peasants in the market, inter alia, took Us toll during the 1930s when the decline in paddy price was accompanied by inputs exhibiting downward price rigidity in the region, A large number of peasants in Nanchilnadu became excessively indebted and a number of them were forced to sell away their lands. Hypotheticall, had the traditional resource use pattern of the region continued, the harshness of the economic crisis of the 1930s on the peasantry of Nanchilnadu might have been less.

On the Sri Lankan Tragedy

would result in a consistent, unique and stable world order. Nor does he demonstrate why the powerful developed countries like the United States and Japan would play such a game after all.

TAMIL NADU-The MGR Phenomenon.

capability in process designing and engineering of the national fertiliser industry has been pulled out of retirement by the Fertiliser Ministry to review and supervise the manage- ment and operations of fertiliser plants in the public sector. Meanwhile, Indian design and engineering services have been relegated from the position of prime contractors, which they occupied with distinction as far back as during the Fifth Plan period, to that of sub-contractors to foreign firms in the construction of new fertiliser plants, both in the public and private sectors.


CIVIL LIBERTIES CPI(M): Peddling Myths M S S Pandian The murderous activities of these lumpen naxalitcs are sought to be given a respectable garb by some civil liberties organisations run by such personalities as Tarkunde and Rajni Kotari and their Andhra counterparts, Kannabiran and Balagopal. At the Andhra level, naxalites running civil liberties organisations raise a hue and cry about repression of naxalites, but condone and sup port the butchery by naxalites. While every democrat is genuinely concerned about the defence of civil liberties in the country, the sham platform of civil liberties which covets up the murderous activities of the naxalites is actually murdering civil liberties. They also provide the state with the justification for further repressive laws. There can be no defence of the murderous and antisocial activities. Unless these elements arc isolated and exposed, civil liberties cannot be protected. THE above quotations, but for the odd sentence referring to repressive laws, will give one the impression that they are taken from some pep talk given by N T Rama Rao to enthuse the lawless policemen of Andhra Pradesh. But these quotes are in fact from a report published in People's Democracy, the official organ of CPI(M), dated November 24, 1985. The immediate provocation for these declamations and wholesale condemnation of the civil liberties organisations was an attack on the CPI(M) functionaries in the Bhadrachalam division of Khammam district on November 5, allegedly by naxalites belonging to "Kondapalli Radical group".

TAMIL NADU- Bus Fare Hike and World Bank

TAMIL NADU Bus Fare Hike and World Bank TRUE to its real intentions, the state-run Pallavan Transport Corporation (PTC) has chosen All Fools Day 1985 to implement its increased bus fares on 2.7 million commuters in Madras city. With this revision, the minimum fare will go up from its present 30 paise to 40 paise, travel upto 10 kms will be costlier by 10 paise, from 10 to 12 kms by 15 paise, and beyond 12 kms by 20 paise. The present hike, according to PTC, will provide it with an additional revenue of Rs 5 crore per year. But informed independent sources estimate the possible additional revenue to PTC as Rs 10 crore. This is the third time PTC has increased its fares within the last ten years. In May 1976, the average fare went up by 22 per cent and in November 1980 by another 30 per cent.


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