ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Graduate Unemployment in India

G D Sharma M D Apte This paper examines the pattern and incidence of unemployment among the educated, by faculty and by region.
These two aspects of unemployment are examined in two parts: (i) the problem at present and (it) the problem in perspective, covering the period upto 1985-86.

Education and Unemployment in Kerala

Education and Unemployment in Kerala M D Apte KERALA leads the country in literacy, with more than 66 per cent of its male and 53 per cent of its female population being literate, according to the 1971 Census. Kerala was already far ahead of the other states in the field of education in 1947. In addition to primary and secondary education, the state had made considerable progress in higher education as well. In 1951 there were 105 colleges in what is now Kerala; of these, 45 were arts and science colleges, 30 professional colleges and 18 teachers' training colleges. By 1971 the number of colleges had risen to 343, out of which 120 were arts and science colleges and 200 professional coleges. Relatively speaking, technical education has lagged behind; thus in 1971 out of about 1.50 lakhs students in different colleges, 1.40 lakhs were In arts and science colleges.

EDUCATION- Calling the Tune without Paying the Piper

resources and facilities that have been built up in the educational institutions, particularly in the Indian Institutes of Technology, are not being utilised to the full because the requisite operational budgets are not being approved by the government. Haksar has drawn attention to this problem by saying that as far as scientific programmes are concerned, the distinction between Plan and non-Plan expenditure is artificial. Unfortunately, the government accounting system is expenditure-oriented and has a very short time-perspective. It is hardly useful for management control of long-term programmes like Research and Development. Hopefully, Haksar might initiate some changes in the funding and financial control of scientific programmes.

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