ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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CUBA- Pressures to Conform

CUBA Pressures to Conform Lajpat Rai CUBA'S isolation in Latin America is breaking fast. In 1964, all members of the Organisation of American States (OAS), except Mexico, bad broken off relations, trade as well as diplomatic, with Cuba at Washington's insistence. Canada was another exception, though it was not a member of OAS. Now a reverse process seems to have started. Argentina and Fern have renewed diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba in defiance of the sanctions voted at the OAS meeting in Punta del Este in 1964. The Caribbean states of Guyana, Jamaica Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago have established diplomatic relations with Havana without any indication of displeasure from the US Administration. On August 22, 1974 Panama re-established relations and, according to reports in the American Press, Casta Rica, Colombia and Venezuela are preparing to follow suit in the near future. In his July 26 speech at Matanza, Fidel Castro said, "The isolation of Cuba is withering away and the economic blockade of our country cannot last much longer ... In view of the present conditions of international detente, it is increasingly obvious to all the world that it is an unfair, ridiculous, criminal and untenable measure''.

Traditional Communist Parties

Conformity has slowly become a 'Marxist' habit and Lenin's imperative for communists to think boldly, speak boldly and act boldly has been thrown overboard.

Traditional Communist Parties

Conformity has slowly become a 'Marxist' habit and Lenin's imperative for communists to think boldly, speak boldly and act boldly has been thrown overboard.

URUGUAY-Rule by Military Proxy

URUGUAY Rule by Military Proxy Lajpat Rai THE September 1973 fascist military coup d'etat in Chile seems to have overshadowed two other coups which took place in the same year in Uruguay and Bolivia. While the National Stadium in Santiago where thousands of political prisoners are being held and tortured has become known all over the world, El Clindro Stadium in Montevideo where Uruguayan patriots and leftists are being tortured has remained relatively unknown. El Clin- dro acquired this sinister reputation after the coup d'etat of June 27, 1973, when Juan Maria Bordaberry established a dictatorial regime supported by the Uruguayan oligarchy, US corporate interests and the reactionary military. On this day President Bordaberry in order to, save his faltering regime riven by dissensions, plagued by a 60 per cent per annum inflation, harassed by the Tupamaros and threatened by a countrywide general strike of industrial workers, dissolved the Congress and called in the military to take over the reins. The local point of the struggle between the military and the Congress was the former's demand that the Congress lift the immunity of the leftist Senator, Enrique Erro, whom it accused of subversion and alleged links with the Tupamaros

Responses to Chilean Coup

December 8, 1973 THERE has been a world-wide reaction to the military coup in Chile. From Indira Gandhi to Fidel Castro, from traditional communists to the new leftists, from heads of state to the man in the street, the reaction has been sharp and unmistakable. There has been a plethora of press statements, angry speeches, routine articles and some orderly street demonstrations, condemning the coup, the Chilean military junta, the American imperialists, the ITT and the "Chilean right reaction spearheaded by the fascist organisation, Patria y Libertad". There has indeed been a remarkable unity in condemnation of the coup among the various tendencies of the left centre and the left.

The Continuing Struggle in Vietnam

The Continuing Struggle in Vietnam Lajpat Rai THE Press and Information Department of the Foreign Ministry of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) has issued a White Book listing the "serious violations of the Faris Agreement on Vietnam by the US and its Saigon stooges headed by Nguyen Van Thieu. The period covered by the document is between January 27 (the day the Agreement was signed) and May 31. According to the White Book, while the DRV and the South Vietnam People's Liberation Armed Forces "scrupulously observed'' the cease-fire throughout South Vietnam, remained in their places and stopped all offensive activities acts of force, the US-backed Thieu administration failed to abide by the Agreement and systematically violated many of its essential provisions.

Nixon s Tactics in Indochina

Lajpat Rai IN his fourth annual "State of the World" report to Congress, Nixon spoke his mind as to how he wanted to work out the Vietnamese Peace Agreement and what policies he wanted to persue in Asia in general and in Indochina in particular. Showing scant respect to the already sobered and tamed 'giants' or the socialist camp he warned them that "US relations with the two communist states would receive a setback it they keep arming North Vietnam and do not press their ally to observe the ceasefire". He threatened the North Vietnamese with a "revived confrontation" with the United States "if they continued to violate the terms of the Agreement". He told Congress that the US military strength in the area could not be diminished because "if our friends conclude they can no longer depend on us for protection, they may feel compelled to compromise with those who threaten them, including the forces of subversion and revolution in their midst". Here was a warning to the Russians and the Chinese, a threat to the Vietnamese and an open declaration of intent to maintain and support counter-revolution in the area at all costs. As the American monthly Ramparts put it: "The Nixon Administration has not abandoned its goal of making South Vietnam a lesson and a warning to other countries in South-East Asia and possibly in Africa and South America. And that lesson is that the price for opposing an American supported regime is wanton destruction of that country" (Ramparts, May 1973). While the Russians and the Chinese, as was expected, did not react to Nixon's insolent message to Congress, the North Vietnamese reaction came sharp and clear: In his May Day speech in Hanoi, Premier Pham Van Dong referring to Nixon's threat contained in his "State of the World" message said: "once again the Vietnamese people affirm that no brutal force, no perfidious scheme, no insolent threat can make us flinch and deviate from the path of struggle which is our path to Victory". (Vietnam Information Bulletin, Embassy of Democratic Republic of Vietnam, New Delhi, Vol XIII No 25).

Proletarian Internationalism and the Socialist Camp

Since the warm, honoured-guest treatment given last year to Nixon in Peking and Moscow by the leaders of the communist parties of China and the Soviet Union, at a time when American B-52 bomber planes were blasting life out of existence in Vietnam and when his navy had just ruined and blockaded the major supply ports of North Vietnam, many people have begun to wonder if the classical concept of international proletarianism has not become obsolete, a mere slogan, on idea worthy of no respect. Some have even begun to question the veracity and correctness of this idea on which Marx and Engels had based their epoch-making Communist Manifesto and on the basis of which they had brought into existence the first viable international organisation of the working class.

From Polycentrism to Disarray

From Polycentrism to Disarray ?
Lajpat Rai The Communist States in Disarray, 1965-1971, edited by Adam Bromke and Teresa Rakowska-Harmstone, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis (Oxford University Press, Delhi); pp 363; paperback $ 4.95.

Peaceful Transition to Socialism-The Prospect in Chile

The Prospect in Chile Lajpat Rai The victory of the 'Left Popular Front in Chile indicated a deep social crisis and radicalisation of the masses. Such a regime is almost always a precursor to revolution or counter-revolution.

Vietnam and the Third Communist Front

The North Vietnamese and the NLF, the North Koreans and the Cubans, had nursed the illusion, during the mid-sixties, that the grave situation in Vietnam would bring Russia and China together and make them co-ordinate their efforts to help the Vietnamese.


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