ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Changes in Women s Employment in Rural Areas, 1961-83

ple Survey together give us a time series on the level and structure of employment. Frequent changes in definitions and concepts have led to problems of comparability across censuses and NSS rounds. These changes are found to affect the enumeration of female workers much more than male workers. Most studies which analyse changes in the employment structure using secondary data sources explicitly exclude women from the analysis on the ground that the estimates on women workers are unstable and non- comparable over time. However, it is important to study female workers since they constitute a significant proportion of the labour force, particularly in agriculture, and the overall participation rate is considerably influenced by the female participation rate [Dasgupta, 1977]. Besides, the test of cen- sus/NSS enumeration of workforce lies in its coverage of female workers since their count is extremely sensitive to the definitions and concepts used.

Agricultural Labourers in Rural Labour Households, 1956-57 to 1977-78-Changes in Employment, Wages and Incomes

This paper discusses trends in employment, wage earnings and incomes of agricultural labourers in rural labour households during 1956-57 to 197778 at the all-India level and for the 14 major states of the country. The discussion on the trends in the economic condition of agricultural labour households is placed in the context of the debate on the changes in the conditions of agricultural labourers. Another related concern is how the Worker-Population Ratios (WPR) of these labour households are affected by the large increase in the percentage of agricultural labour households and the changing economic conditions of these households over the period. In other words, is the entry of women into the workforce influenced by the changing economic position of these households?

Changes in the Cropping Pattern in Kerala-Some Evidence on Substitution of Coconut for Rice, 1960-61 to 1978-79

Some Evidence on Substitution of Coconut for Rice,
jeemol Unni This paper examines shifts in cropping pattern in Kerala over the past two decades It appears that garden-land crops (particularly coconut) have been gaining at the expense of wet-land crops (particularly paddy). Crop area data are, as discussed by the author, inadequate in some respects, but the broad con- elusion of a shift in cropping pattern holds even when the data inadequacies are accounted for. Also examined are the technical possibilities of substitution of coconut on paddy-growing lands.

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