ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Jaswinder Singh BrarSubscribe to Jaswinder Singh Brar

Punjab’s Education Budget (1980–2022)

Punjab’s education budget, over the last 42 years (1980–2022), was less than the recommended norms and requirements and, hence, inadequate. It also experienced slower growth in per capita and real terms, and negligible share of spending on capital account, with critical imbalances and rigidities. The fundamental approach towards resource allocation to education sector, across the tenures of both of the political parties—the Congress and Shiromani Akali Dal—did not show any significant difference. The article closely examines the education budget over four decades and highlights some of its implications.

Growing Financial Hardships of State Universities

Amidst stagnating government grants and out of sync governance structures, affiliated state universities emphasise student-centric funding, putting higher level institutions in a precarious situation. This undermines their functional autonomy and regulatory processes.

Diasporic Resources, Community Interventions and Development

Diasporic leadership was as important as diasporic resources in effecting the transformation of Chakar village in Punjab, now recognised as a model for rural development. Credibility, trust and constant mentoring by emigrants from the village inspired community participation, conflict-resolution, the creation of new institutions and the sustainability of development works.   

Global Market and Competitiveness of Indian Agriculture-Some Issues

Indian Agriculture Some Issues Sucha Singh Gill Jaswinder Singh Brar India's signing of the GATT agreements in 1994 and her joining the World Trade Organisation as a founder member have put Indian agriculture into the framework of global competition and rule of the global market. However, discussion of the issue of the competitiveness of Indian agriculture has been carried on in a narrow context, ignoring major questions such as global commodity prospects in terms of prices and their stability/instability and the movement of domestic and world market prices and of agricultural and non-agricultural prices within the country. The overriding issue of the structure of the global market has been hardly brought into the discourse.

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