ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Left Intellectuals and Desperate Search for Respectability

The left intellectuals' search for bourgeois prestige, recognition, institutional affiliations and certification imply a de facto embrace of the values associated with them. The overt embrace of these values and practices plays an important role in perpetuating bourgeois hegemony, despite the left intellectuals' protestations and counter-hegemonic rhetoric. The fact is students, workers and in general the popular classes follow what the left intellectuals do and not what they say, and the institutional identification and the symbolic awards they pursue in their careers and everyday life speak eloquently for what they really value.

Geopolitics of Plan Colombia

Plan Colombia - the continuation of the US policy of intervention in Latin America - seeks to eradicate the drugs, trade and eliminate the guerrilla factions who thrive on it, but in essence, it is aimed at reconsolidating American power in the region. The plan, however, remains plagued by inconsistencies and doublespeak, and could in the long run rebound on US strategic plans for the region.

US Election 2000

The US presidential elections may be judged by the issues that are not debated by the candidates. Issues relating to social welfare, environmental protection, health services and labour are important to the people but not to those who finance the campaign and hence are ignored.

NATO: Saving Kosova by Destroying It

A new sense of imperial arrogance encourages Washington to intervene militarily in Europe; to redefine national boundaries; to extend and deepen its military alliances across Europe; to challenge European trading patterns and regulations; and to impose its own interpretation of free trade according to its own interests. In this light, Washington's NATO war in Yugoslavia can only be understood as part of a general expansion of US power.

Globalisation: A Socialist Perspective

By understanding the historical and structural limits of 'globalist ideology' we can escape the tyranny of globalism. The alternatives grow out of the experiences emerging from the failures of the 'export strategies'. By focusing on social relations and the states as the building blocks of global empires we can escape the prison of globalist thinking and enter the realm of political and social action.

US-French Relations in the New World Order

AT the end of the 1980s, US policy-makers announced that the collapse of the Soviet Union and the disintegration of its eastern European sphere of influence had ushered in a 'New World Order' or what some Washington ideologues described as a unipolar' world. Today, however, the victors in the cold war are being forced to grapple with the consequences of their success: the resurgence and intensification of inter- capitalist rivalries political, military and economic. Large-scale investments, aid and exports enabled a re-unified Germany to quickly establish itself as the dominant capitalist power in eastern and central Europe. Not least, Bonn took over as Russia's major foreign creditor. Meanwhile, France revived an issue of long-standing political and military friction with the US, pressing ahead with efforts to create a European security system independent, and at the expense, of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) where its influence would predo- minate. The proliferation of regional blocs and agreements (NAFTA, Maastricht, ASEAN, etc) reflected efforts by the leading capitalist countries to consolidate power centres that would enable them to reach out into the larger world economy.

Critical Reflections on Globalisation

Critical Reflections on Globalisation James Petras Chronis Polychroniou The rise of globalism is intimately relaxed to One growth of class conflict and the squeeze of profits during the limited globalisation period associated with the 'welfare state'. The crisis of declining profits associated with rising popular power is the source of the demise of 'national development'. The success of capital In undermining popular power, dismaniling the welfare state and converting the state into an instrument of overseas expansion is the underlying condition for globalisation, not 'technological changes', ' world market imperatives' or the 'logic of capital '.

UNITED STATES-Volunteerism The Great Deception

Volunteerism: The Great Deception James Petras Volunteerism, being enthusiastically promoted by the Clinton administration, does not have even the remotest possibility of dealing with America's growing social problems. It only serves as a useful ideological weapon to change the nature of the political debate - from the state's responsibility for its citizens to the private initiatives of the poor.

Myths and Realities of the Chiapas Uprising

Myths and Realities of the Chiapas Uprising James Petras Steve Vieux Without minimising the importance of the specificities of Chiapas or the relevance of race/class in defining the originality of the movement; the process of linking local peasant movements with urban activists follows a common pattern earlier played out in Indochina, China and in some parts of Latin America. What made the Zapatista uprising appear novel was the timing it occurred during a period of worldwide leftist retreat and in particular at a moment when other central American guerrilla movements were laying down their arms and entering into political deeds with the neo-liberals in power.

Neo-Liberalism and Daily Life

Neo-Liberalism and Daily Life James Petras Steve Vieux Data on the effects of unemployment, underemployment and low-paid employment in the US reveal a strong tendency for the downwardly mobile to direct their anger inward, to become depressed, hostile towards their family and to withdraw from neighbours, friends and former colleagues. This behaviour is aided by the major political parties, the mass media and academic publicists who point to the inevitability of 'globalisation', the virtues of 'market competitiveness and need' for labour flexibility which presents the problem of the individual victim as the product of impersotuil forces beyond her/his control.

Shrinking Democracy and Expanding Trade-New Shape of the Imperial State

Shrinking Democracy and Expanding Trade New Shape of the Imperial State James Petras Steve Vieux The new configuration of state power by neoliberalism depends upon the destruction of the chief 'countervailing powers' of the post-war boom years. The resulting organisational vacuum at the grass roots is the prime structural precondition for the growth of the ultra right. Unions, civil rights organisations and public interest groups have been the primary victims of this collapse of pluralism. It is a mistake for the Left to await salvation from the mechanical swing of the political pendulum or an economic crisis.

Selling Structural Adjustment-Intellectuals in Uniform

Intellectuals in Uniform Steve Vieux James Petras Beginning with a summary of the basic ingredients of structural adjustment policies and neo-liberal political economy this paper examines the intellectual roots of the approach in the works of the 'new political economy' school. It critically analyses the 'economic reform ' discourse, its methods and relevance to elite policy-makers, examining a series of propositions set forth by the ideologues of SAP dealing with the role of the state bureaucracy and the impact of adjustment in the late 1970s and 1980s.


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