ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Indian Time Use Survey 2019

The first all-India time use survey was conducted by the National Statistical Office in 2019. It covered 1,38,794 households—60% rural and 40% urban—and 4,47,250 persons above six years of age. This paper examines the concepts, methods, and quality of data used in the TUS 2019, the results of which throw light on the workforce, health and educational status of the population, and other dimensions of life. The status of TUSs in the global South and the challenges faced by the countries therein, as well as how successful
the NSO has been in facing these challenges in India are also discussed.

Examining Bihar's Turnaround

The Challenge of Inclusive Development in Rural Bihar by Gerry Rodgers, Amrita Datta, Janine Rodgers, Sunil K Mishra and Alakh N Sharma (New Delhi: Institute for Human Development and Manak Publications), 2013; pp xx + 273, Rs 795.

Partial View of Outcome of Reforms and Gujarat 'Model'

India's Tryst with Destiny: Debunking Myths that Undermine Progress and Addressing New Challenges by Jagdish Bhagwati and Arvind Panagariya (Noida: HarperCollins India), 2012; pp 285, Rs 599.

Missing Labour Force

Trends in employment and unemployment in India, as presented by the quinquennial surveys of the National Sample Survey Office for the past decades, have raised many questions for which there are no easy answers. This paper attempts to address some missing links. With the help of time use statistics, it argues that the missing labour force does not imply withdrawal of women (and maybe some men) from the labour market. A large part of the missing labour is missing only from the NSSO data but is very much there in the labour force - though a small part may be due to withdrawal. It appears "missing" because of the inability of the NSSO surveys to capture it adequately. This "non-missing labour force" has important implications for the employment and labour policy in the country. The paper also argues that time use statistics has the potential of overcoming some weaknesses of the NSSO as well as of adding new information on the labour force.

Inclusive Growth under a Neo-liberal Policy Framework

"Inclusive growth" is a fashionable term these days, used widely in a large number of emerging and developing countries in the context of the neo-liberal policy framework, which is expected to deliver growth, and also inclusive growth. Empirical evidence from most of these countries however indicates that the neo-liberal policies have not been very successful in including the excluded in the mainstream development process. The paper observes that there is an urgent need to give a fresh look at the macroeconomic framework underlying the present policies. To start with, there is a need to end the tug of war between the growth and redistribution phases of neo-liberal policies. This is because the mainstream growth process that creates exclusion as well as inequalities tends to overpower the redistribution process and intensifies exclusions. The macroeconomic policies such as fiscal and monetary policies will have to play a much larger role in achieving developmental goals. There is also a need to expand the boundaries of macroeconomics to include natural resources as well as unpaid work within its purview to make it relevant and real.

Labour and Employment in Gujarat

This response to the criticism by Dholakia and Sapre (6 August 2011) of our article "Labour and Employment under Globalisation: The Case of Gujarat" (28 May, 2011) argues that the ultimate goal of Gujarat's growth should not be the growth of the state domestic product but people's well-being. Gujarat does need to take a fresh look at the growth model that it is following.

Labour and Employment under Globalisation: The Case of Gujarat

On examining the dynamics of the processes of change in the status of labour and employment in the rapidly globalising state of Gujarat in India, this study shows that the rapid growth in the state has not been shared by labour. This has resulted in the state slipping in poverty reduction, human development and in hunger removal. This study also argues that an unfair deal to labour need not be a part of neo-liberal economic reforms and that providing a just share to labour can contribute towards promoting labour-intensive and equitable growth in the state.

The Environment- Development Debate

It is heartening to read the article by Jairam Ramesh, “The Two Cultures Revisited: The Environment-Development Debate in India” (EPW, 16 October 2010).

Mainstreaming Time Use Surveys in National Statistical System in India

Time use surveys are emerging as an important data set at the global level. It is now widely recognised that these data help in understanding the different socio-economic problems faced by economies, and are important, particularly for developing countries, as some of their major concerns can be understood well only through time use statistics. The pilot time use survey, conducted by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation in 1998-99, has paved the way for mainstreaming this survey in our national statistical system. This paper discusses why and how the process started in 1998-99 needs to be carried forward.

Functioning of the Drinking Water Component of the Narmada Pipeline Project in Gujarat

The Narmada Pipeline project is claimed to be the largest drinking water scheme in the world. While the project is seen as a solution to the drinking water problem in the state, this study shows that it has not been able to ensure adequate water supply in a regular and dependable manner to the covered regions. The project is also financially non-viable. This paper raises basic questions about the usefulness of long distance pipelines for transferring water to distant places for drinking purposes. It shows that there is a need to look for workable alternatives that augment local resources.

Where Is Gender in Eleventh Plan Approach Paper?

The draft approach paper to the Eleventh Five-Year Plan fails to address the issue of widening gender disparities and no/low achievements for women and does not recognise the macroeconomic dimension of human development.

Unorganised Sector Workers' Social Security Bill, 2005

The National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector has recently drafted the Unorganised Sector Workers' Social Security Bill, 2005 proposing a universal coverage for the unorganised workers, which is a welcome step. There are, however, two problems with the bill. Firstly, it has not paid attention to the heterogeneous character of the unorganised sector. Secondly, by clubbing all sub-sectors of the unorganised sector together, the bill has discouraged the present struggle for social security carried out by trade unions and other organisations of unorganised workers, frequently supported by state governme


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