ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Fractured Societies, Fractured Histories

Subaltern studies have presented a critique of the orthodox concept of nationalism and partisan history writing, and more recently, of history itself. 'Fractured Societies, Fractured Histories' was the theme of the Sixth Subaltern Studies Conference. Participants discussed political institutions, nationalism, community and caste in third world social formations.

UTTAR PRADESH- Escalating Violence on Harijans

there is lot of difference between shaking hands and touching the feet. The former expresses an attitude of practising equality and the latter expresses surrender to the one whose feet are being touched. We, therefore, do not mind the president or prime minister shaking hands with any citizen, but certainly hate it when they touch the feet of citizens, irrespective of their status, Leave alone the debate that went on the public, private morality of the highest state functionaries in the west, within our own nation the PM and the president have faced tensions because of these issues. Jawaharlal Nehru and Rajendra Prasad publicly disagreed on the question. Nehru raised a serious objection when Rajendra Prasad wanted to participate in the re-construction of Somanath Temple, and also when he wanted to visit Benaras and touch the feet of priests. He even raised an objection to Prasad's observance of

Roots of Uneven Development in India

(italics Marx's).
In Marx's 'On the Jewish Question1 (written in 1843)2 we read: ".. in periods when the political state as such is born violently out of civil society, when political liberation is the form in which men strive to achieve their liberation, the state can and must go as far as... the maximum, to ...the guillotine (which is an obvious reference to the revolutionary terror of the French Revolution of 1789-.93

BIHAR-Split in Jharkhand Movement

Split in Jharkhand Movement Hiranmay Dhar THE political situation in Dhanbad has recently undergone significant changes. The Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) has reportedly snapped its decade-old links with the Marxist Co-ordination Committee (MCC). The JMM itself stands split. On April 6, it sacked its President Binod Mahato, allegedly for his inefficiency and corruption. Mahato is contemplating counteraction. Meanwhile, it appears that the mafia king, Suraj Deo Singh, is bidding in this situation to become a working class messiah.

UTTAR PRADESH- Developing Teachers Struggle

UTTAR PRADESH Developing Teachers Struggle Hiranmay Dhar THE recently called-off strike of the UP intermediate teachers was marked by intrigues, dissensions as well as militancy. The agitation began with the Pandey group (mostly Jansanghis and a handful of Congressites) demons rating in front of the Bidhan Sabha on January 12 until January 24. The dominant Sharma group (mostly Socialists, Communists and a large section of Congressites) began their agitation on January 16 and suspended it on January 20. The Sharma group then shifted its focus to the districts, By this time, the Pandey group began to oppose the strike

BIHAR-Gangsters and Politicians in Dhanbad

that Raj an was living under police custody, was also not turned as a witness. When this case was going on Mr Antony was the chief minister and therefore the prosecution enjoyed ample opportunity to take (evidence from him." About the reply of Karunakaran to a fetter of Viswanatha Men on, then an MP, relating to the arrest of Rajan, which formed an important part of the ease for prosecution, the judgment has this to say: "By depending upon this reply one cannot make a jump to reach the conclusion that Mr Karunakaran was fully aware of Ra- jan's arrest. Kamnakaran's reply was uncertain and without certainty, The then home secretary gave evidence that the reply was only a routine and ordinary one. . ." The evidences of the two witnesses about the election speech of Karunakaran at Mala constituency is also rejected by the Erna- kulam Court. According to these two witnesses, both belonging to CPI(M), Karunakaran had said in his (election speech that Rajan was arrested following a murder connected with a banned party. 'The then Central minister, Mr A C George, Kerala MLA, Mr E Gopalakrishnan, and several other CPI and RSP leaders were also present on the same platform when Karunakaran made the speech. They should have been brought in as witnesses. . . None of them were found in the witness list".

BIHAR-Growing Peasant Revolt

One day Ramaiah was forcibly taken away in a tarry from his hut. Goondas in the lorry threatened him of serious consequences if he did not vacate the land. They threatened to throw him into the Krishnarajasagar Dam if he did not obey them.

BIHAR- Bhojpur Vignettes

which would be equally disastrous to the state and the coir workers. To reinforce this argument, the employers and their' representatives have been pointing to the prospect of a fall in foreign exchange earnings due to decline in foreign demand for coir. Now that the cost of production of synthetic coir has gone up as a result of the rise in oil prices, this argument no longer has the same force.

AGRICULTURAL LABOUR-Implementation, Still the Achilles Heel

industry of pollution control, and the extent to which therefore it has to be introduced through compulsion as against voluntary effort.
The cost question was, however, raised by B D Nag Choudhury, chairman of the National Committee on Environmental Planning and Co-ordination. Nag Choudhury observed that, because of the costs involved in all this, many political leaders and industrialists tended to shy away from their responsibilities: "It is much easier to let our neighbours or our children pay the costs of the damage that we do". But no civilisation can survive or its industries make progress if its leaders do not reckon with the larger interests of society to which they belong. He said that one of the ways of reducing casts would be to adopt co-operative management of industrial effluents. In Baroda, under the sponsorship of the Gujarat Government, industries there

Agricultural Servitude in Bengal Presidency around 1800

around 1800 A conspicuous feature of Indian feudalism was the absence of a developed institution of slavery. It was only in late Indian feudalism, when the landlords began to cultivate their lands directly to assert their economic indentity and to maintain their armed retainers, that slaves began to appear. Even so, slavery never became an indispensable economic force.

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