ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Deep Malaise

Deep Malaise H D Telengana Peopled Struggle and Its Lessons by P Sundarayya; Commu- nist Party of India (Marxist), Calcutta, 1973; pp 502; Rs 10.

AGRICULTURAL WAGES IN WEST BENGAL- Arithmetic of Rural Poverty

Arithmetic of Rural Poverty H D THIS brief note un agricultural wages in five districts of West Bengal

Struggles without Programme

September 1, 1973 demographically dominated, in order to furnish material for the recorder and analyst of social changes. If not, we will be compelled to come to the imperialist conclusion that there was no social evolution in India once the village community had been spawned at the dawn of history by a meteriological and physiographic concatenation! The third important result of Mukherjee's logic is a series of non- sequiturs. We have already noted his Significantly enough' and 'curiously enough', which obstruct the passage of thought. But a strain of pseudo-reasoning runs through the entire work such as the following: "This lack of preconditions for a rapid development of the Indian mercantile class and of the Indian bourgeoisie as a whole was due to two main reasons. Firstly, it should be borne in mind that although the subcontinent of India with a land- frontier of -about 4,000 miles as compared with her coastal border of about 5,000 miles is not an island, her foreign hade had to be conducted mainly by the sea-route , . . . Secondly, while "the sea and the rivers were more advantageous for commercial purposes . .. even in later years the Indian states did not develop as strong maritime powers as compared with those European nations whose mercantile bour geois appeared in India from the last decade of the fifteenth century onward .... Why the Indian states did not develop their naval power .. is still a matter for intensive research. Yet, at least partly it may be accounted for by the fact that although from ancient times India had relations with distant countries and traded with them, there was no inidispensable necessity for the Indian states to develop as strong maritime powers" (pp 214-5, italics mine).
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