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auction in the US and the two main Democratic candidates are aware of its influence in determining their presiden- tial pnjspects. Mondale, being the establishment candidate, had his position defined, and on this basis, obtained the support of New York Governor Ceromo and Mayor Koch. Gary Hart had staried out in the early days when he was almost a non-candidate, on a statesman-like stance of determining 'he issue (of Jerusalem) as part of an overall West Asia settlement. But, having become a viable candidate alter New Hampshire, and recognising the value of New York votes, quickly turned round his position, not only supporting the Jewish demand but apologising not only for his earlier stance but also for having a bank account with a US bank which was taken over in 1982 by Arabs. It has been u sight, seeing Democratic candidates grovel before the New York Jewish lobby, and willing to sell away US policy options to the need for a Few votes in one state.

WEST ASIA-US-Israel Strategic Consensus

US-Israel Strategic Consensus Gulshan Dhanani THE US-Israel Strategic Consensus has finally been formalised and initiated during the Israeli Prime Minister, Yiltzak Shamir's visit to the United States at the end of November. In concrete terms, it means joint US-Israel m.litury panning and exercises, con- truction and stockpiling of US weapons and equipment for the Rapid Deployment Force on Israeli territory, conversion of much of the US loans to Israel into outright grants, permission to spend a good part of the US military assistance on the development of Israeli Lavi fighter-planes, setting up of a free trade area in Israel, resumption of supplies of the deadly cluster-bombs, etc. The agreement provides for a joint US-Israel Military panel which will look into each of these issues. The panel wih hold its first meeting in January, Soon after the agreement was signed, President Reagan told the press that it "will give priority attention to the threat posed to our mutual interests by increased Soviet involvement

WEST ASIA-Is Black November Over

a crucial border community alienated would be too short sighted a game.
The Congress(I) is in reality ideally sluated to play an integrationist role in the State. As the principal opposition party in the State, it is in a unique position to mobilise and divert a parts' of popular discontent away forn communal and secessionist sentiments into an ant-establishment outlet. Instead pf trying to cash in on regional tensions ' through a partisan and chauvinist role, it could, as an all State and a national party, aspire to reconcile diverse regional aspirations through a demand for appropria e structural and institutional changes..

WEST ASIA-Fluid Frontiers of Israel

Analgesic combinations containing amidopyrine Cibalgin (Ciba Geigy), Dolorindon (Indo-Pharma) Neuospasmindon (Indo-Pharma) Pyrindon (Indo-Pharma) Therphen (Therapeutic) Esgipyrin (Suhrid Geigy) Butpyrin (rndo German Alka) Prednacyl (Organon) Febricine (Cipla) Analgesic combinations containing pbenacetln Codo pyrin APC (Boots) APC (Bengal Immunity) Veganin (Warner) Treupal (German Remedies) Capherin (Mercury) Apidin (IDPL) Dolviran (Bayer) Sarbyn (Dabur) Avedan Codalgin Dristan Capramin Dolopar (Micro) (Compiled from Monthly Index of Medical Specialities, Doctor's Desk Reference and Family Medicine Book.) WEST ASIA Fluid Frontiers of Israel Gulshan Dhanani ISRAEL is the only country in the world that does not have an official map. The concept of Eretz Israel, a Biblical term which literally means the land of Israel and denotes the area from Nile to Euphrates, is the Israeli substitute for a map* The day the actual state borders coincide with Eretz Israel, the Jewish state may finally settle down and authorise its official map. In the meanwhile, however, it has continued to create new borders with every war it has fought In the process so far, the post-1967 borders have probably been the ideal borders. To the West, the vast span of the Sinai peninsula

WEST ASIA-Waiting for an Arab Response

in sensitising his viewers to relationships and institutions in society. His films, he maintained, are a response to the Indian reality, in fact to the specific aspects of the regional reality of oppression, injustice, inequality and individual suffering, A responsible artist must therefore, find it increas- ingly difficult to remain aloof from his surroundings, especially when the decadence in relationships and institutions, in which they are embodied, is too deep to be ignored. Yet the artist must also find it equally difficult to pursue his interest within the severe constraint placed on him and his work.

WEST ASIA- Winner Takes All

young workers. Insufficient technical education and lack of upbringing with due emphasis on socialist consciousness are reported to be other factors contributing to this unhappy situation and measures are being taken to remedy the situation. Perhaps another important issue here is one of adaptation of the younger generation from a traditional, rural life-style to a rvgi- mented and disciplined industrial life pattern. A further dimension to the specific condition of Tadjekistan is the prevalence of a relatively well developed agricultural sector in a planned socialist economy which provides easy employment even at the cost of lowering of labour productivity and raising cost of production.

SAUDI ARABIA- The King Is Dead, Long Live the King

tary aid to Central America.
Even if we assume that the duty free policy were to have some positive effect on the region's exports, the policy only benefits the owners of the export crops, it doesn't directly improve the livelihood of the majority of non-owners and non-exporters who labour in the farms and cities and are not directly affected by the volume of sales. In this sense, the ideas behind the Caribbean Basin proposal do not even approach the level of reform envisioned by the Alliance for Progress, two decades ago, which recognised that change of internal structures (agrarian reforms) must accompany efforts to liberalise trade, if the benefits of the latter were not to accrue solely in the hands of the agrobusiness elite.

WEST ASIA-Israeli Withdrawal from Sinai

But, in January, the Mexican peso was devalued, radically cutting the dollar value of all wages on the Mexican side. So, for the moment, the supermarkets stand empty, and the bankers weep. * * * The Americans want to open a new crossing point for truck traffic. They've changed the first place selected, because environmentalists protested it would affect the breeding habitat of a species of migrant bird. The INS don't seem to have checked whether the birds were legal or not.

WEST ASIA- Perspectives on the Fahd Peace Plan

Perspectives on the Fahd Peace Plan Gulshan Dhanani ON AUGUST 7, 1981. Crown Prince Fuhd of Saudi Arabia proposed an eight-point Peace Plan for the resolution of the Arab-Israel dispute

Palestinian Perspectives on Arab-Israeli Conflict

gist for the Soviet Union, nor does he Palestinian Perspectives on Arab-Israeli Conflict Conflict undermine the importance of the US- Soviet global rivalry. In fact, he begins his analysis with the same Gulshan THE Institute for Palestine Studies, Beirut, is an independent research institute, devoted to promoting a better understanding of the Palestine problem and the Arab-Israeli conflict It brings out the Journal of Palestine Studies in collaboration with the University of Kuwait and publishes books by its own research-staff and other scholars in the field on various aspects of the Arab-Israeli problem. Besides, it publishes (in English, French and Arabic) occasional Papers, called the IPS Papers, which are analytical essays dealing with selected current aspects of the Palestine problem. The present review article proposes to sur vey four IPs Papers.

West Asia in the 1980s-An American Exercise in Futurology

West Asia in the 1980s An American Exercise in Futurology Gulshan Dhanani THE Council on Foreign Relations New York, has launched an ambitious futuristic study (Project 1980s) involving more than 300 participants, including nearly 100 authors from more, than a dozen countries, ten working groups of specialists and gencralists

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