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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS- Anti - Imperialism Gone Sour

voking social and political turmoil. As it appears, the first phase of EEC construction, comprising mainly in the dismantling of national barriers to movements of goods and capital, went off fairly well, as potential giant com panies were looking for giant markets. Solid links, well beyond the EEC, established by those interests since then, have dampened their fervour for a united Europe the latter's troubles probably stem from there.

CHINA- The New Largest City of China

The New Largest City of China GPD A SMALL but amusing demographic fact about China went unnoticed and unreported in the Just week of February. In any quiz programme it would be an ideal question now. The question will be "name the largest city of China". The answer would be Shanghai. The famous east coast city of China has a population of 11.85 million by the 1982 count. [The answer would be wrong though. The prestige Shanghai enjoyed as the largest metropolis of China has been lost. There is now another contender for that position. No, it is not Beijing, nor is it Tian Jian

Task for Andropov s Successor

Task for Andropov's Successor GPD 'ANDROPOV ruled the Soviet Union as barely for fifteen months. Besides, for nearly six months he was ill. Effectively, therefore, the Andropov administration lasted much less than a year. It is obvious that one cannot speak of Andropov in the same terms as one would of Brezhnev or Khruschov. Both these men left an impact on the Soviet Union and the world. Khruschov had an ebullient rusticity about him. Much as Mao Zedong tried to dismiss him as a revisionist and so on, there is no gainsaying the fact that he was easily the most likable man that ever ruled in Moscow, Stalin was stern and of course the much maligned man. He was maligned by everybody. From those for whom the God of communism had failed to those who saw the Orweillian nightmares of 1984, everyone in the West thought of him as a monster. Since 1956 even for the Soviets he is an unmentionable name. The name index at the end of selected works of Lenin published in Moscow has quite a few lines on M N Roy, The same index reters to Stalin as Stalin, Joseph Vissariono- vich (1879-1953). The paragraph on Trotsky is quite long. As for Stalin it is all silence. The man was born in 1879 and died in 1955. Khruschov would be luckier, one imagines. He would get at least four lines in the collected works of Brezhnev if ever they are published. It is Khruschov's sense of humour which made him such an unforgettable and unmalignable character. The Chinese criticism of him was certainly right. At the same time Khruschov's laughter seemed to keep him at a distance as it were from the Khruschov who was being criticised in the columns of the People's Daily.

Mao s 90th Birthday

Mao's 90th Birthday GPD ON December 26, 1983 Mao would have been ninety. Beijing is more than aware of the greatest birthday in Chinese history. There have been great Chinese in the past. Whether it is Lao Tse or, Confucius, Mao has surely had eminent predecessors. But since the days Chin Shih Huang di of the 3rd century BC, China had not had a philosopher ruler. Chin Shih Huang di had no great reputation as a philosopher. But he was somehow related to philosophy inasmuch as he was the greatest anti-philosopher in Chinese history. He launched a savage attack on Confucius, an attack which was destined to be revived towards the closing years of the Cultural Revolution. Mao did not attack Confucius with the same wrath, but perhaps thought that Confucian burdens were responsible for the backwardness of China. Anyway in Mao China got a philosopher- ruler for the first time. Very eminent people have questioned Mao's philosophical abilities. Yet there is no getting away from the fact that his vision was a philosopher's vision. You do not and cannot lead six hundred million people to revolution without philosophical acumen. A revolutionary, particularly of Mao's stature, has to be a philosopher. Unlike the philosophers in North Korea, Mao Zedong did not believe that Marxism is inadequate methodologically and epistemologically, He insisted on putting himself firmly in the Marxist tradition. This was the reason why he never approved of the term 'Maoism'. Marxosm-Leninnism was for him the zhu yi (ism) whereas his own writings amounted to si xiang (thought); some kind of practical ideology for the Chinese revolution. Mao was, one might say, a philosopher-king with a difference. He was modest. He was not, to use a traditional Indian term, a new darshanika (founder of a school), and certainly was not willing to see himself as one. He knew the stream to which he belonged and insisted on retaining that link.

South Asia s Kaisers

South Asia's Kaisers GPD THF Tamil-Sinhalese violence is simmering down. The shops are open once again. A paradise (if there was one) is how Air Lanka describes Sri Lanka in an ad Which is seen in every other glossy magazine. The ad shows a small island surrounded by cool, blue sea. The picture evokes eternal peace and tranquility. The Buddhist ideal of peace is realised here, one tends to think. Peace is a constant refrain in Oriental philosophy. The picture tells you that the Ideal is reality in Sri Lanka. Come to this "paradise. See for yourself the idyllic beauty of the island, serene calm of this land! This, however, has not been the case. The minorities are being subjected to brutal violence all over Asia. So it is now Sri Lanka's turn. There are three million Tamils there. The Sinhalese wish that they were not there. So far they have acted in the belief that they do not exist. The lead was given way back in 1958 when Ban dara- naike decided that there is no such language as Tamil. His image, like Nehru's was of a statesman above communal thought. This helped put through a patently chauvinistic policy. The tension has been mounting since. It was bound to burst out into open violence.

Game Theories Old and New

Game Theories Old and New GPD THESE Americans, the experts in the South Block must think, give us (apart Irani the dollars, that is), a lot of trouble and unnecessary bother. They have developed extraordinary skills in doing that sort of thing, one on the heels of other. To begin with it was the Time magazine. It has been apparently counting the "wars of liberation' in Assam and came out with a count. According to Time the present one is the eighteenth. A China expert had once claimed that according to a reliable count the Chinese had employed their troops outside their borders eleven times so far. Apparently, the games theory in international relations is rapidly becoming a counting game theory.

Mystique of NAM

Mystique of NAM GPD SO the NAM is over. It is difficult to think of a more fitting acronym. In our tradition, NAM has a mystical significance. You say a NAM (the name of the godhead) all the 24 hours of the day and you are through with the hardships of life, Delhi has given a modern version of the Bhakti cult. You say the NAM of Indira Gandhi and all worries would be over. There shall be peace in the world as also peace inside you and in your environment. A fifteenth century saint, had he come to life today, would have been gratified to see in Delhi today how the NAM has come to reign supreme. He would have found the names a bit too confusing but would have been happy that one name was constant.

Mavericks and Diplomats

Mavericks and Diplomats GPD THE Government of India team led by K. S Bajpayee opens a fresh round of talks in Beijing on the bilateral issues on Friday, January 28. The talks will centre around bilateral issues for the simple reason that the Chinese overall international line is in the process of change. In spite of the fact that the Chinese Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang appeared to be projecting a Chinese understanding of the world situation onto what he called the "vigorous continent*' barely a fortnight ago, it is true that the Chinese world view is very much in the process of change. Any significant meeting of minds between India and China may not therefore be possible for quite some time yet as far as the international balance of forces is concerned. The talks will have to centre around the more immediate and, of course, so far intractable bilateral issues like the border, trade, economic co-operation and so on. The Indian delegation has one "border expert'' in it and all the necessary documents of the British times will presumably be carried around.

Spoiled Pageant

guards, agricultural subsidies, dispute settlement and trade in services because in the absence of a watchful, less divided stance from the developing countries, it is not unlikely that whatever compromises are ultimately patched up between the developed countries might well be reached at the expense of the developing countries. So the latter cannot afford to relax their vigilance, But to suggest that the GATT framework, as it has THE Asiad was a great show. It; was organised and presented in a manner in which the rule of the Queen and the successor to the throne was expected to be seen as a golden age of post-independence politics. In a sense, therefore, it was internationalisation of the legitimisation problem in Indian politics.

Of Democratic Capitalists

Of Democratic Capitalists GPD STRANGE are the ways of Marxist theoreticians, particularly those who share a Muscovite view of Marxist theory. Some time ago a host of them from various lands gathered (presumably in Moscow; the report of the discussion does not say when and where the discussion took place) to discuss "Capitalist Development in the Afro-Asian Region : Basic Features, Peculiarities, Uniformities". It is easy to see the importance of this question. It is also not too difficult to see its crucial importance for Soviet foreign policy. Reading the report one gets the impression that this whole exercise in theoretical discussion was intended to serve some foreign policy purposes. Otherwise, there would not have been so much of sophistry, so much of pseudo theory as there has been in this discussion.

China s Changing World-View

China's Changing World-View GPD THE Chinese now have an English - language daily which appears five times a week. It is called China Daily. Now this is nothing new. The Daily, how- ever, did something unusual, if not unprecedented, last month. On December 10, 1981 it carried a short article by a foreigner on China's foreign policy. It was written by S J Noumoff who is an Associate Director, Centre for East Asian Studies, McGill University, Montreal. We cannot vouch for it but this mast be the first time that an article by a foreigner on China's foreign policy has been carried by the Chinese press. Of course, it was carried in an English-language daily and as such its circulation and impact within China must have been limited. Even so an article by an American professor teaching in Canada getting published in China Daily is obviously of some import.

Wrong on Indochina

Wrong on Indochina GPD THERE is something wrong in the South Block. It is not easy otherwise to explain the statement Indira Gandhi is alleged to have made on Kampuchea. A disclaimer has been issued as fast as the original remark was made. The South Block does not know what position to take on the Indochinese imbroglio.


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