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CHINA-New Approaches to Unification

especially at this stage when its fortunes are not too bright. At best a third regional party with limited support amongst the Assamese could emerge under the AASU's sponsorship. And this'would be an indirect boon to the Con- gress(I) which has all along been following a policy keeping the regional parties away from one another. Congress(I) would be only too willing to build bridges with the AASU if this helps prevent the co-ordination of regional forces.

On a Belated Apologia for Khrushchev and Trotsky

On a Belated Apologia for Khrushchev and Trotsky GPD PARESH CHATTOPADHYAY (PC) seems to be almost self-righteously angry (EPW, October 6, pp 1759-60\ Possibly the reason for his anger is that he has mistaken us for an expert. Let us disabuse him of any such notion. There is something in his first few lines which reads like Frehch, Not being a frequent visitor to developed capitalist" world, we do not quite understand the languages spoken there. We do not know any Russian either. Quite often we are not sure even of our English. We seem to be in PC's view reasonably competent in "mounting a well-deserved attack" (hopefully not without any serious supporting demonstration for our conclusions). He is angry that we should be so terribly wrong on the Soviet Union. PC has tried valiantly, if we might say so, to portray Stalin as the worst villain in human history. It is a pity that an apologia for Trotsky, Khrushchev and other critics of Stalin had to be a belated one.

Kissing the Foreign Hand

Kissing the 'Foreign Hand' GPD COME to think of it, only Nepal and Bhutan in our area have escaped political assassinations. Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh and now India have seen political assassinations or murders. Bandaranaike, Liaqat Ali Khan, Mujib-ur-Rehman, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Suhrawardy and now Indira Gandhi, a formidable list indeed. It should have been easy to see who would find these leaderships not pliant enough and therefore would have wished to see them liquidated. There was a good enough reason why Bandaranaike suffered the fate he did. Why Bhutto had to be hanged was also not altogether obscure either. The reasons why Indira Gandhi fell to assassins' bullets can also be very intelligible. It is a part of a South Asian pattern. Tariq Ali. not entirely incorrectly, described these leaders as 'populists', a point well worth making inasmuch as it would help seeing the distinction between Indira Gandhi and Allende or Maurice Bishop. But the distinction, relevant as it is, does not alter the fact that it is easy to see who wanted changes in South Asia and of what nature. From Bandaranaike to Jayawardene it is quite a long story. Of course, Bandaranaike was no Marxist, as Allende and Bishop were. But those who deal in coups, counter-coups and assassinations are not necessarily against a leader only because he is a Marxist. In the case of Chile and Grenada that was the obvious reason. Why they should be against Bandaranaike, Bhutto or Indira Gandhi is a shade more complicated. An article in a Delhi daily did go to the extent of suggesting that Indira Gandhi and Allende could be put in the same bracket. In the current adolatary phase in the capital it was an understandable overstatement. One nearly expects that.

CHINA- Unequal Treaties- Turning Fact into Fiction

who, above all, vote with their pocket books. Even Democrats defected en masse to the Reagan camp. Nor did Mondale's surprise announcement on the eve of the Democratic national convention

Reagan and American Arrogance of Power

Reagan and American Arrogance of Power GPD TO nobody's surprise Reagan has won a second term. It is a great relief. Newspaper columns all over the world and particularly in the United States try very hard and make the hustings an interesting affair. But it is not very easy to escape the boredom. Elections over, one can expect some relief from pollsters, their calculations, largely meaningless debates between the conservatives and the not-so-conservatives, and so on. It is amazing how like the makers of the 'masala' Hindi film, American scribes make the same plot look different every four years! For another four years our solitude cannot now be invaded by the poll-figures and the devices which try and make American democracy look quite glamorous.

Democracy in One Country

previously the case in the closure of 'steel towns' where unemployment rates of 40 per cent were witnessed). In the event more finance might be saved if investments were attracted to these localities by government subsidy, than if they were allowed to die.

CHINA-Beijing s New Style

Rule of Law and Terrorism in Punjab and Northern Ireland A G Noorani IT is astonishing that hardly anyone has spoken in censure of Rajiv Gandhi's deplorable interference with the course of justice according to law. He said at a press conference at Barkul on October 23 that he was against the release from detention of Sam Harchand-Singh Longowal, Prakash Singh Badal and Gurcharan Singh Tohra. And he added

No Time for Sri Lanka Tamils

No Time for Sri Lanka Tamils GPD WE were in Delhi a couple of weeks ago and discovered once again that it is in many ways the most amusing city in our country. While the rest of the country was busy discussing the Andhra drama, it was busy receiving the Yugoslav President Djuranovic NTR was shouting himself hoarse against the treatment meted out to him by the Governor, and in Delhi a Union Minister had actually initiated a debate on which form of democracy might be the best for the country. He appeared to be saying that those who do not owe any allegiance to the ruling dynasty can be even better fixed if the Empress of India called herself the President rather than the Prime Minister. To be fair to the minister, he was merely concerned with doing an exercise which a BA Political Science student has to do as a part of his course. The latter usually has to answer a question on the Presidential and Parliamentary forms of Government. The learned minister was simply providing him with a learned enough answer. He also showed some signs of cleverness. A group of Congress MPs came out criticising him. He used that criticism to argue that his academic exercise had nothing to do the blessings of Indira Gandhi. His argument was that if that were the case how could these MPs criticise him. After all, the comparison between the two forms was absolutely necessary to be done now. All this was going on as several hundreds were courting arrest in the cities of Andhra Pradesh.

CHINA-One More Curtain on Cultural Revolution

One More Curtain on Cultural Revolution? GPD IN a small place called Oufu in Shandong province, easily the most renowned Chinese (with the possible exception of Mao Zedong, of course), Confucius was born in 551 BC. He died in the same place seventytwo years later in 479 BC. During the Ming dynasty (1368- 1644) a temple dedicated to the 'supreme sage' in his birthplace was created. The temple was soon to become a major shrine of Confucianism. A statue of Mencius (4th century BC) and statues of 'the 12 men of virtue', including the 12th century Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi, were added to the shrine. Excluding Confucius there were 16 statues there. There were these '12 men of .'virtue' and in addition there were statues of 'four associate sages', including Mencius. In short this temple was in many ways a historical gallery of a major philosophical tradition in China.

Enter Parthasarathi

yearning. There were also serious plans for land-reforms

West Discovers Indian Nationhood

West Discovers Indian Nationhood GPD AFTER the considerable sabre-rattling that Mrs G has done over the past few weeks her standing in the West has indeed gone up. Editorials in various liberal and not-so-liberal newspapers betray a distinct confidence in her leadership. If these editorial comments are any guide, it would appear that Mrs G and her sabre-rattling have finally asserted India's nationhood. What is strange or rather unprecedented is that they are all happy about it. The Economist of London said so in so many words. Of course, it offered a gentle piece of advice in passing that it is not enough that India is a unified nation. It should also distribute justice to all its people. Nevertheless, it has to be recognised that well-nigh forty years after the independence of India the British have finally accepting that we are a nation. The Economist accepted it is, in terms of the British ruling elite ethos, an achievement par excellence. Mrs G has achieved that. Many a happy, contented smile must have been exchanged between the neo-Brahmins of New Delhi. For them an accolade from The Economist is still the best, although the English journal is now convinced of our nationalism. In any event, these neo- Brahmins can now start a grand job of opinion-making which will come in handy for the great leader of this great nation during the next elections.

South Asian Regional Fences

GPD IN the columns of this weekly a commentator had once expressed regret that in spite of the good work the various human rights and civil liber- tics organisations were doing, there was no good report on the question of democratic and human rights in Assam. We know of such a report. But the commentator concerned must have counted it out of discussion because it concerned itself with the human rights of the non-Assamese in Assam and had not come to a very cheerful conclusion. The non-Assamese, especially the poor Muslim peasants, were subjected to less than civil treatment because they had migrated to Assam from Bangladesh sometime over the last hundred years. A large number of them have come since 1947 and the much talked about movement in Assam wants them back in their villages in Bangladesh. The movement in Assam is a much discussed matter. What the commentator referred to above seemed to suggest was that the repression practised by the government vis-a-vis the Assam movement was not getting as much publicity as it should have. The poor Muslims of Assam getting thrashed in the process did not seems to matter as the thrashing was not being done by the State but rather under the inspiration of a movement which had, and even now has, considerable fas- cination for some of our radicals. The Purushotham Sena of Dhulia district should have taken a leaf or two out of the book of the Assam leaders and their radical supporters. They could have justified what they did in Dhule, which in any case is not very different from the treatment that was meted out to the hapless minorities of Assam. The crucial question was that the State was not giving them the thrashing.

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