ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Gordhan K SainiSubscribe to Gordhan K Saini

Trade Competitiveness of India’s Textile and Apparel Sector

An analysis of the trade competitiveness of India’s man-made fibre-based textile and apparel sector, based on the Index of Revealed Comparative Advantage, Trade Intensity Index, and Export Similarity Index, for the period 2010–19, revealed that India has a significant advantage in man-made yarns, fibres and technical textiles. A survey of the top 10 export markets indicates that India enjoys a comparative advantage in 53 of 319 products. India has a high trade intensity with the United States and United Kingdom in fabric, apparels, made-ups (including carpets), and technical textiles (including non-woven). Further, India does not face high export competition in this sector.

Impact of ASEAN-India Preferential Trade Agreement on Plantation Commodities: A Simulation Analysis

This study analyses the impact of the asean-India Preferential Trade Agreement on plantation commodities - coffee, tea and pepper - using the smart and gravity models. This reveals that the agreement may cause a significant increase in India's imports of plantation commodities from the asean countries, which is mostly driven by trade creation rather than trade diversion. The proposed tariff reduction may lead to some loss of tariff revenue to the government. However, the gains in consumer surplus outweigh the loss in tariff revenue resulting in a net welfare gain. Simulations based on both the models yield broadly similar results regarding the magnitude of total increase in imports. During the years to come, the plantation sector will have to realign the production structure according to the changing price signals. It is thus important to devise appropriate adjustment assistance schemes for plantation workers who might face displacement.
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