ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by G Sreenivas ReddySubscribe to G Sreenivas Reddy

ANDHRA PRADESH-Desamising Rural Institutions

ANDHRA PRADESH Desamising Rural Institutions G Sreenivas Reddy N T RAMARAO's government in Andhra Pradesh continues to be in the limelight through a stream of populist measures. Like the abrupt lowering of the retirement age of government .servants, the noon meal scheme for school children, subsidised rice for the weaker sections, Telugu-Ganga water for the parched Tamil capital, hid to ubolish the Legislative Council and the banning of capitation fee lor private college admissions. Close on the heels of the Telugu Desam government completing one year in office have come two more moves that have raked up a controversy in Andhra politics. One of these abolished the centuries old institution of the Village Officer (VO) by stripping 38,000 odd persons of their jobs. The other measure seeks a drastic re-organisation of the Panchayati Raj (PR) set up by replacing its crucial middle-tiers, viz, Panchyat Samithis, numbering 320, by 1,200 odd Mandal Panchayats. Both these measures, launched through discreet gubernatorial fiats, will have a significant impact on the socio-political basis of the power structure in rural Andhra. Here the first of these two changes is viewed in a wider context.

KARNATAKA-Panchayati Raj Reform

KARNATAKA Panchayati Raj Reform G Sreenivas Reddy PANCHAYATI RAJ (PR) reform has been a subject of debate ever since institutionalisation of the system after failure of the Community Development Programme in the late 50s. Over the years numerous Committees and Commissions, both at the national and state level, have gone into the working of the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRls) and made several recommendations for improvement. However, the overall pattern of PR was, by and law, guided by framework of the Balwantarai Mehta Committee Report (1957) for a long time past. Some significant departures from the Balwantarai Mehta model started manifesting in the last few years, The states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka which have come into the political limelight in the wake of the Congress(I) debacle earlier this year are presently contemplating reorganisation of their PR systems. While a resolution to this effect was adopted at the first annual conference of the ruling Telugu Desam Party in Andhra, a Bill on the subject is already before the Joint Select Committee of the Karnataka State Legislature and is likely to come up for discussion in the forthcoming session of the Assembly.

Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

and Scheduled Tribes P A James G Sreenivas Reddy The Commissioner for Scheduled Castes andimplementation of measures intended to safeguardTribes.

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