ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Political Economy of the Nehru Era

DN The Nehru era, in the author's view, began with Telangana and ended with Naxalbari. This paper attempts a political-economic analysis of this period. It focuses on the Mahalanobis model in theory and practice, the perpetuation of semi-feudalism in Indian agriculture despite the abolition of zamindari, the armaments drive which led to a setback to the industrialisation process, the dependence (out of necessity rather than choice) on western and Soviet imperialism, the major political and economic crises, and India's expansionist tendencies in south Asia.

Agrarian Movement in Palamu

Agrarian Movement in Palamu DN The peasant movement in Palamu in Bihar has become a threat to the authority and power of the landlords in the region. We can also see here the importance of combining the movement for a Jharkhand state with that of the peasants against the extreme forms of exploitation by landlords and officials, who are invariably non-Jharkhandi.

Varieties of National Oppression

In discussing the nationality question in Indian politics, it is necessary to distinguish four levels at which the, denial of the rights of nationalities (or, at times, of nations) operates.

Significance of Women s Position in Tribal Society

in Tribal Society DN In tribal society, while women's labour has an important role in accumulation, control of which is in male hands, yet women have not completely lost their limited autonomy Such limited autonomy too, it would seem, does have a role in maintaining some dignity for women, a dignity that the further development of private property is bound to erode.

India in South Asia

the public sector. But the left front government's overemphasis on maintaining industrial harmony and discouraging strike struggles and excessive dependence on the conciliation machinery have made it ineffective as an instrument of struggle. The Congress(I) government at the centre has launched an offensive against the working class and the common people. It has already passed the 59th amendment to the constitution which is a step towards introducing an emergency through the back-door, it has brought an amendment to trade union legislation for setting up a quasi-judicial body called the Industrial Relations Commission. The commission has been given wide powers to forestall strikes. The step will put severe restrictions on the freedom of action by trade unions and introduce compulsory unionisation and compulsory collection of membership dues by the management. It will also ensure recognition of unions through verification instead of secret ballot as demanded by the militant trade unions. The whole purpose of restructuring the industrial relations machinery through amendment of existing trade union laws is to bolster up stooge unions and suppress militant trade unions. The left front government and CITU and other left AT SAARC talks, the government of India has been insisting that the economies of South Asia are 'complementary' and that on the basis of this complementarity there should be a 'har- monisation' of economic plans in this region. What is meant by this harmonisa- tion is that India should be the industrial power in the region, manufacturing enough to meet the needs of the entire region, while the other countries of South Asia should concentrate on production of agricultural or other primary products. Pakistan has opposed this notion of 'complementarity', pointing out that its exports are largely competitive with those of India.

Nature of India s Export of Capital

Nature of India's Export of Capital DN The substantial role of Indian capital in joint ventures in third world countries is now being formulated as definite policy. Various imperialist powers are being offered the advantage of cheap Indian manpower and resources. With a convenient third world label, these projects can go as examples of 'south-south' co-operation, rather than as extensions of imperialist exploitation of the third world.

Problem of Unity in the Agrarian Struggle-Case of Bihar

THE revolutionary democratic movement has, over the last few years, gained considerable strength in the plains of south Bihar, i e, the region south of the Oanga comprising the districts of Bhojpur, Rohtas, Aurangabad, Gaya, Patna and Nalanda. The peasant (more correctly, agricultural labourer) movement in this area is divided among a few organisations, the Vinod Mishra-led Central Committee, the Party Unity group, the Maoist Communist Centre and the Provisional Central Committee.

Peasants and Markets

Peasants and Markets DN Organisations of large-scale industry do not usually come out in favour of higher prices for agricultural commodities, nor do they rue the ruin of small, rural producers. Why then is the PHDCCl concerned about the ruin of small agriculturists?

Strikes as Lock-Outs

New Delhi, Import Policy 1985-88,
Situations where the market demand is not enough to ensure full working of industrial units are those in which the owners would certainly like to keep the units closed for some time. In West Bengal it is exactly at such times that the trade unions have called strifes. Since the leaders of the 'left' unions are not novices in trade union struggle, the only possible inference is that these strikes are deliberately called in order to meet the needs of the owners. This conclusion is strengthened by the peculiar course of the recent strikes in public sector engineering and jute mills.

Agricultural Prices in Perspective

ballot again. On the evening of March 6, the district bar managed to persuade a vacillating section of the rump Supreme Court Bar Association unilaterally to call off the secret ballot. All hope of persuading the senior advocates and the Advocates-on-Record not to press their point for one day so that a secret ballot could be held was thus lost, and the pitch queered for what must be, with one exception of ten years ago, the ugliest and nastiest incident in the precincts of the Supreme Court. Advocates were physically prevented from entering various court rooms. Some were physically beaten up.

Over-Mechanisation in Coal India

DN High output per man-shift (OMS) in the coal-mines of Coal India does not necessarily mean cost minimisation. Beyond a certain level of mechanisation associated with increase in OMS, the saving in wage cost per tonne of coal is not commensurate with the cost of additional investment on mechanisation.

A Land Struggle

This account of a protracted land struggle in a village in the 'naxalittf belt of Bihar brings out the development of the peasant movement from the initial situation of passive submission (accepting even the demand to perform begar), through active opposition (raising the wage demand) to counter-offensive (demanding the distribution of the big landlord's ceiling surplus lands).


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