ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Urdu in UP

Since independence, Urdu has seen a rapid decline. Initially the decline was largely fomented by the adherents of Hindi and opportunistic leaders of the Muslim community. The cause of Urdu had even been well championed by the likes of Zakir Hussain and I K Gujral, but once in power such well intentions invariably ran aground. At present, besides an appeal filed in the Supreme Court by the Hindi sahitya sammelan against the UP government's 1989 amendment granting Urdu the status of official second language, there are more than 16 petitions filed in the high court that seek to challenge the status accorded to Urdu.

Preserving Urdu Through Self-Help

Central and state governments in India have wilfully made difficult the teaching and learning of the Urdu language in spite of constitutional obligations to protect the languages of minorities. Urdu-speaking people must act to preserve their mother tongue, chiefly by promoting Urdu books, both in the 'nagari' and the 'nastaliq' scripts. The language must become a carrier of progressive thinking and ideology.

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