ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Charu GuptaSubscribe to Charu Gupta

The Icon of Mother in Late Colonial North India

In the metaphor of nationalism, it is the female body and the many faces of 'mother' - motherland, mother tongue, motherhood - have served as the most universal and potent symbols of imagining the nation. The symbol of mother was especially effective because it could take on different meanings in different contexts. This paper examines how and why the metaphor of mother was used in multiple fields in late colonial north India, with a special focus on the UP. Hindu publicists of UP particularly worked the icon of the mother into narratives of nation, language and cow, thereby sharpening the contours of community identity.

Articulating Hindu Masculinity and Femininity-Shuddhi and Sangathan Movements in United Provinces in the 1920s

'Shuddhi' and 'Sangathan' Movements in United Provinces in the 1920s Charu Gupta Various articulations of a militant Hindu community, which have become more strident and powerful in contemporary India, have had historical roots, especially in the colonial period. The deployment of certain gender icons, images and themes has helped in constructing and negotiating a Hindu identity. The present paper is an attempt to explore the interrelationship between masculinity and femininity and Hindu communal and militant organisations in early 20th century United Provinces in the specific context of the sangathan and shuddhi 'movements.

Politics of Gender Women in Nazi Germany

Charu Gupta With the rise of National Socialism, in whose ideology the degradation and depersonalization of women was implicit, the process of women's emancipation in Germany suffered a setback. In addressing the larger question of what fascism does to gender this paper deals specifically with the image of women in Nazi ideology and whether this imagery underwent a change during the course of the second world war. It examines also the controversy surrounding the role of women in Hitler's rise to power and the voices of dissent. The paper concludes by drawing some partial Indian analogues to the portrayal of women in Nazi Germany, particularly the way communal organisations look at women.

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