ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by C H Hanumantha RaoSubscribe to C H Hanumantha Rao

Watershed Development in India

The overall impact of watershed projects under the Drought Prone Areas Programme has been positive and significant. There has been a marked improvement in the access to drinking water in the project areas. Crop yields have risen and there has been a substantial increase in area under cultivation in the rabi season, leading to rise in employment and reduction in migration of labour. Availability of fodder has also improved leading to a rise in the yield of milk. Despite this noticeable improvement in performance, the experience outlined in this paper raises a number of important issues which have a bearing on the sustainability of watershed development when the official programme comes to an end.

Declining Demand for Foodgrains in Rural India

Demand for foodgrains in India has been declining and some of this decline indicates an increase in consumer welfare. The decline has been sharper in the rural areas where improvements in infrastructure make other food items and non-food commodities available. Though cereals (used here as proxy for foodgrains) consumption has increased among the poorest 30 per cent of the population, even this group is near the saturation point.

Agricultural Growth, Sustainability and Poverty Alleviation-Recent Trends and Major Issues of Reform

and Poverty Alleviation Recent Trends and Major Issues of Reform C H Hanumantha Rao The reform process in India has not encountered much resistance from pressure groups because it has not made much headway in respect of debureaucratising and de-politicising the management of the infrastructure and in decentralising rural development. In particular implementation of radical land reforms at the very start would have resulted in speedy demographic transition and effective trickle down mechanisms, as was the case in some of the east Asian countries. In India since redistribution of land by further lowering the legal ceiling on landholdings is not politically feasible and implementation of top-down subsidy-oriented poverty alleviation programmes is not likely to be effective, economic and social empowerment of the poor has to be achieved basically through productive employment and human development. This requires rapid broad-based labour- intensive growth.

Beyond Getting Prices Right

Beyond Getting Prices Right C H Hanumantha Rao Economic Liberalisation in India: Analytics, Experience and Lessons by Deepak Nayyar (R C Dutt Lectures on Political Economy, 1993; Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta, 1996); Orient Longman, pp 72, Rs 70.

Indian Agriculture Emerging Perspectives and Policy Issues

The process of economic reforms and the gradual opening up of Indian agriculture to world markets is likely to turn the terms of trade in favour of agriculture, creating a better incentive environment for agriculture than has been the case in the preceding decades.

Reforming Agriculture in the New Context

Agriculture can work as the biggest safety net in the process of adjustment by softening the rigours of inflation as well as by Raising income and employment for the vulnerable sections of the population. Broadening the domestic agricultural base by stepping up public investment in irrigation, research and extension and in social development such as education and skills formation holds the key to the exploitation of possible gains from trade as well as to ensuring that such gains are widely shared by different regions and classes of farmers.

Paradoxes of Japanese Agriculture

C H Hanumantha Rao Japanese Agriculture under Siege: The Political Economy of Agricultural Policies by Yujiro Hayami; Macmillan Press, London; pp 145.

Deterred by Structural Constraints

Deterred by 'Structural Constraints' C H Hanumantha Rao Organisational Issues in Indian Agriculture by K N Raj; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1990; pp 227, Rs 210.


Writing about Hindu-Muslim Riots in India Today Gyanendra Pandey The dominant nationalist historiography that insists on the totalising standpoint of a seamless nationalism needs to be challenged not only because of its interested use of categories such as 'national' and 'secular' but also because of its privileging of the so-called 'general' over the particular, the larger over the smaller, the 'mainstream' over the 'marginal

Dispensing with Food Security

Dispensing with Food Security?
C H Hanumantha Rao Indian Agriculture: A Policy Perspective by B M Bhatia; Sage Publications,
THE book under review presents a fairly comprehensive survey of agricultural performance and policy in India. The book would, however, interest the readers more for its critique of agricultural policies and suggested reorientations in them.

Decentralised Planning-An Overview of Experience and Prospects

Decentralised Planning An Overview of Experience and Prospects C H Hanumantha Rao The concern for decentralised planning in India is as old as planning itself. However, barring a few exceptions, the performance in this respect has been dismal despite the setting up of formal structures like panchayati raj institutions on a statutory basis. What are the factors which have contributed to the non-implementation of the idea of decentralised planning?


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