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Hut Demolitions in West Delhi

organisations alone should be the prime contractors in the development of these and related industries; This recommendation was endorsed by the government. Only in the case of petrochemicals, some gaps were acknowledged and it was presumably to fill up these gaps that Engineers India was set up. But under the stewardship of Pathak, Engineers India was used for entirely different purposes.

RAJASTHAIN- Ecological Ruin and Exploitation

RAJASTHAIN Ecological Ruin and Exploitation Bharat Dogra IN Katarapara village of Dhangaon panchayat, in Dangarpur district of South Rajasthan, a widow looked at her two starving children and did not know what to do. Her two eider children had already migrated in search of work, and there was little hope that they would return soon with some cash. She decided to walk to a relative's home with two kids, but the relatives, it seemed, were themselves too hard pressed to come to her help. She started trudging back towards her home, clasping the two kids to her emaciated body. Totally exhausted, she sat down under a tree. It was at this stage that their miserable condition was brought to the notice of the police who reportedly pressurised the relatives to help her. By then it was too late for this unfortunate mother and her children -all three died in quick succession in the next few days.

AGRICULTURE- Can Seventh Plan Targets Be Achieved

 democratic sections and classess" for "replacing the bourgeois rule at the Centre by a government of Left and democratic unity", the CPI has rightly focused on achieving its unity with the CPI(M) as the key link in the chainBut the snag is that the CPI(M) is not prepared to accord any special role to the CPI which it regards just as one of the Left parties.

PUNJAB- Communal Tensions and Left Forces

PUNJAB Communal Tensions and Left Forces Bharat Dogra AS on March 23 every year, this year too a large number of people had gathered at Hussainiwala, on the banks of the Sutlej near the Indo-Pak border, where the last rites of martyrs Sukhdev, Rajguru and Bhagat Singh were hurriedly performed by the policemen of British Raj fifty-five years ago. But merely the gathering of people to pay tribute to them would have had little meaning for Bhagat Singh and his colleagues in the prevailing atmosphere of Punjab when the values dearest to them

UTTAR PRADESH- Declining Fortunes of Leather Craftsmen

jobs as were found in the previous Plan INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT Besides, there are good reasons to believe that the estimates of industrial employment are exaggerated. For, in real terms, investment in the industrial sector is unlikely to be any higher than in the previous Plan. According to the Rangarajan Committee on financial resources, while the Sixth Plan current expenditure was about Rs 1,10,000 crore, at 1984-85 prices it works out to about Rs 1,67,000 crore. At this rate, the Seventh Plan allocation of Rs 1,80,000 crore may in fact turn out to be no higher than that of the Sixth Plan, even in the best possible scenario. Still, it is estimated that roughly 6.7 million jobs will be found in the manufacturing sector. Those a little more familiar with employment potential of the manufacturing sector suggest a figure of four million to be somewhat realistic.

HOUSING-The Other Delhi Creating Urbanised Villages

appear to be correct on the part of the Board to insist on payment of rent by the fishermen concerned who were not fishing". Following the ruling of the Supreme Court, the government was forced to return the fishing gear and craft to the fisher people. A number of fishermen complained that their catamarans and nets had been damaged and asked for compensation. The agitation was withdrawn and fishing operations were resumed on the Marina beach. The beach which wore a deserted look for weeks, looks more beautiful now with the catamarans and fisherpeople on the shore.

HARYANA-Village Women vs Liquor Contractor

is the matter with you'?" "What else can you expect, sister, as long as this liquor shop remains in our village. My husband has started drinking a tot, there is no food in the house; when I protest he beats me up. So how can you expect me to look any better, sister?" THIS was the gist of the song that over two dozen women of Ferozepur Bangar and neighbouring villages, located in Kharkauda block of Sonepat district in Haryana, were singing when this writer went there early in the morning on November 10. Several other women, shouting aniti-iiquor slogans and singing similar songs, joined them later.

BIHAR-First Stirrings and Repression-A Report from Palamau

October 19, 1985 BIHAR First Stirrings and Repression A Report from Palamau Bharat Dogra PALAMAU block has become synonymous with severe forms of exploitation, including the extensively spread system of bonded labour. This recognition has led to various expressions of concern by several officials and ministers, and also the sanctioning of various studies, reports, projects, etc, on bonded labour and other aspects of exploita- tion. With all this happening, to what extent are the conditions becoming more conducive for the weaker sections to assert their rights?

Missing Link in Nutrition Policy

Bharat Dogra WHILE hunger and malnutrition remain the most urgent, the most tragic problems of our country, the absence of a clear and comprehensive National Nutrition Policy (NNP) has been a glaring shortcoming of our planned development effort, such as it exists. Recently C Gopalan, former Director- General of the Indian Council of Medical Research and one of the most prominent experts in the field of nutrition, has provided at least the framework of such a policy." At the outset Gopalan points out very rightly that the aim of the NNP must be to ensure that even the poorest segments of the population are able to obtain at least the least expensive balanced diets (not just calories) which will provide them with full physiological requirements of essential nutrients needed for their normal growth, development and functioning. Oh the other hand, India Is passing through a dangerous development phase of 'nutritional transition' in which large-scale famines and acute starvation have been prevented, but a positive state of nutrition has yet to be achieved. This transitional phase must be traversed as expeditiously as possible, and towards this end the NNP must rest on the following six main planks.

Romance and Reality of Traditional Agriculture

August 24, 1985 Romance and Reality of Traditional Agriculture Bharat Dogra WHILE the government's agricultural development efforts continue to be based on propagation of high-yielding varieties (HYVs) grown with large doses of chemical fertilisers, there has nevertheless been a revival of interest in traditional agricultural systems and methods. The wisdom, specially avoidance of waste, of the traditional agricultural practices has been upheld on the basis of records of such practices going back to the last century, if not earlier. Side by side or within this trend, the virtues of natural farming against the chemical and machinery based farming of the green revolution type have been stressed. Indeed some writers have gone a step further and stressed natural farming to the extent of there being no tillage. In this context Masanobu Fokuoka's work (and his book "One Straw Revolution") and smaller experiments in India have been much discussed. Needless to add, after the Bhopal tragedy, the questioning of the necessity of agri-chemicals, and more specifically chemical pesticides, has received an additional impetus, although again this does not seem to be reflected in official thinking.

Police Terror against Landless Peasants-A Report from Dehradun

August 17, 1985 cultivation but between large scale illegal denudation of forests and cultivation by tribals. The choice is not between preservation of the natural ecosystem and imbalances introduced by cultivation but between mindless pollution by dangerous new species under the afforestation programme and fertilisation of land by tribals. The choice is not between complete removal of human settlement and deforestation by tribals but between organised deforestation with the connivance of state agencies and limited deforestation caused by tribals. In the end the choice is not between an ecosystem without human interference and that with human interference but it is between interference by tribals and interference by smugglers, traders and pleasure-seekers. It is a choice between two sets of human beings.

Loans, Doles and the Poverty Line

 gramme and assistance to terrorists in the Punjab. Yaqub Khan proposed mutual or international inspection of each other's facilities. His offer was treated with little credibility. Even if it was accepted, Pakistan could have already secreted away a few bombs before the regime could come into force. In any case the IAEA has no experience in inspecting uranium enrichment facilities like that of Pakistan. Besides, it would imply that India as well as Pakistar would have to surrender their political use of the nuclear option. On the Punjab problem, Yaqub Khan was told of intelligence reports of inflammatory propaganda aimed at the Sikhs who crossed the border and training facilities and supply of arms.

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