ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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BANGLADESH- House of Cards

valuable knowledge gained. In spite of the unfortunate aspects of later Japanese history, particularly between 1931 and 1945, Japan emerged at the end of the day with its identity intact, its genius fortified, and its culture not at the mercy of foreigners. Japan retained control over its own destiny. It did not allow the West to dictate the in tellectual terms for its modernisation trauma.

BANGLADESH-Holy Alliance against Working Class

'Holy' Alliance against Working Class Badruddin Umar A NEW wage-scale was announced by the manpower and labour minister of Bangladesh on July 2, 1985. According to that announcement minimum basic wage of an unskilled labour has been fixed at Taka 560. In addition to this an allowance of Taka 288 will be paid on account of house rent, medical allowance, etc. Thus, according to the new arrangement an unskilled labour will get a total monthly wage of Taka 848. According to the old scale this total monthly wage was Taka 627. So with the introduction of the new scale there has been an increase of Taka 221 per month.

BANGLADESH-General Crisis of the Bourgeoisie in Bangladesh

BANGLADESH General Crisis of the Bourgeoisie in Bangladesh Badruddin Umar THE basic development of the bourgeoisie in Bangladesh took place, after December 1971, not through exploitation of the working people but through a ruthless plunder of existing wealth and property. It will be easy to understand the process if we consider the fact that the ruling party at that time, the Awami League, did not really represent any of the basic and important producing classes and was primarily composed of such non-productive sections of the people as lawyers, jute brokers, petty traders, insurance agents, primary and secondary school teachers, unemployed youth, students, etc It is true that some small land-owners and owners of industries, and-here and there a few comparatively big ones, happened to be in the Awami League but its main composition was as has been stated above.

BANGLADESH- Civil and Military False Dichotomy

 and the pliant nature of the teachers. The universities in the state, especially after Independence, have no history of struggles to uphold democratic values and autonomy. Even the so-called 'autonomy struggle' in Osmania University under D S Reddy during the regime of K Brahmananda Reddy in the sixties was in effect meant for the autonomy of the Vice-Chancellor rather than the university as such. D S Reddy and those who followed him, barring one, were more interested in their own autonomy than in extending democratic values at all levels of the administration. In the name of autonomy, autocracy was practised in the Osmania University during the Emergency. The teaching community was no better. When a number of student political activists were arrested, detained and in some cases even murdered in so-called 'encounters' by the state, there had been no protest of any BANGLADESH kind by the academic community. When a number of teachers were detained under MISA and kept in jails for long periods of time, there was again no protest. Even in the present case, barring some press statements condemning the Ordinance there has been no active protest from the teaching community. In fact some teachers have already become accomplices in this government- sponsored arrangements. The government has nominated nine 'educationists' to the Syndicates of the Osmania, Andhra and S V Universities under the Class II Quota. All of them are senior professors, but not one of them has thought it fit to uphold academic autonomy and democratic values, by rejecting the government offer. With such a track record of commitment to democratic values, not much of a -fight against the undemocratic Ordinance is to be expected from the academic community.

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