ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Atul SarmaSubscribe to Atul Sarma

Macroeconomic Impact of Social Protection Programmes in India

Generally, the fiscal implications of social protection programmes are evaluated, but not so much on the economic impacts these schemes have on macro aggregates such as output, employment, income and revenue. This motivated us to evaluate the economic impact of three major social protection programmes, namely, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Indira Awaas Yojana, and the National Social Assistance Programme in 2011-12 using a social accounting matrix. It is found that these programmes have significant impacts on output across different sectors of the economy, on income generation and distribution of different household classes in urban and rural areas, on employment across different sectors of the economy, and even on government revenue generation.

Do Not Dilute NREGA

[An Open Letter to the Prime Minister on NREGA by economists based in India and elsewhere in the world.] We are writing to express our deep concern about the future of India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). The NREGA was enacted in 2005 with unanimous support from all political...

Delink Entitlements

We the undersigned economists do not consider the official national poverty lines set by the Planning Commission, at Rs 32 and Rs 26 per capita per day for urban and rural areas, respectively, to be acceptable benchmarks to measure the extent of poverty in India. In any case, irrespective of the...

Regulating Tobacco Use

The design of tax instruments for controlling tobacco consumption is a complex process impacting as it does on the livelihoods of millions of people engaged in activities related to tobacco production, sale and distribution. Tax instruments can only be one component of a broad-based approach to controlling tobacco use.

Gujarat Finances

This paper examines the performance of Gujarat's revenue and expenditure systems. It attempts to identify the basic weaknesses of the existing revenue sources and indicates a broad direction of future reforms. Its major thrust, however, is on identifying the sources of inefficiencies of budgetary and expenditure policy and management, and preparing reform proposals for enhancing expenditure effectiveness.

Price Subsidies and Irrigation Investment in India-Macro Implications

in India Macro Implications D K Ratha Atul Sarma An applied general equilibrium model is used to analyse macro effects of three policy instruments, namely, fertiliser and food subsidies and investment on irrigation, for agricultural development in India. The results show that if a choice has to be made among these policy instruments, investment on irrigation has the potential of tackling two persistent problems of the Indian economy

Union Budget, 1989-90

Atul Sarma While the 1989-90 budget claims to further the objectives of growth and modernisation, the same can hardly be said about the goals of self reliance and social justice. There is nothing in the budget to even slow down the growing dependence on external borrowing. Similarly, the budget does no more than pay lip service to dealing with the two basic problems of the economy, viz, skewed income and asset distribution and mass poverty.


The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.
Back to Top