ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Ashok RudraSubscribe to Ashok Rudra

Crop Allocation Patterns-Spurious Quadratic Cost Curves

Spurious Quadratic Cost Curves Amal Krishna Dey Ashok Rudra In an earlier article the authors presented some results of a test carried out for the hypothesis of al- locative efficiency of Indian farmers. The present paper makes further refinements in the test.

Seasonality of Employment in Agriculture

Seasonality of Employment in Agriculture Ashok Rudra with the collaboration of Ramdev Biswas This paper studies the seasonal variations in the demand for labour and its employment. The results are based on a random sample of 149 farming households of Hooghly district in West Bengal They are presented separately for four size-classes, defined in terms of the acreage of cultivable area in each farm.

Economic Effects of Tenancy-Some Further Negative Results

Some results of an analysis of data taken from farm management sources presented in an earlier article ('Economic Effects of Tenancy: Some Negative Results", July 14, 1973) suggested that the economic performance of owner and tenant farmers is not so very different as it has often been supposed to be. In the present paper, which is a sequel to the earlier one, some further results are presented which go to strengthen the same negative conclusions.

Economic Effects of Tenancy-Some Negative Results

Economic Effects of Tenancy Some Negative Results Aparajita Chakravarty Ashok Rudra The general impression is that tenancy is an institution which is not only detrimental to welfare but also inimical to growth. Because of lack of security and absence of sufficient incentives for and returns from investment, tenant farms are supposed to be run less efficiently than owner operated ones.

Marketing Behaviour of Big, Medium and Small Farmers

and Small Farmers IN the present paper we present some empirical findings about the marketing behaviour of big, medium and small farmers , Our study is confined to the district Hooghly of West Bengal and to paddy. Our data consist of a random sample of 149 households distributed among a random sample of 15 villages in the district. Our principal finding contradicts the very generally held opinion that the bigger farmers hold on to their marketable surplus of products over a longer period than do the smaller farmers. Our quite unambiguous finding is that, at least for paddy in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, just the reverse is true: the smaller farmers spread out their sales over a longer time-span than do the bigger ones. Yet another generally held idea is that small fanners fetch lower prices than do the big farmers. This also is contradicted by our data. The average price secured by small farmers is actually higher than that secured by bigger farmers. This may be, at least in part, a reflection of the fact that the big fanners go in more for HYV paddy which fetches a lower price in the market than Is fetched by ordinary paddy.

Medieval Barbarism in West Bengal Countryside

Medieval Barbarism in West Bengal Countryside Ashok Rudra PRIME MINISTER Indira Gandhi made quite a stir about a year back- when she gave the verdict that the GNP could not be treated as an index of economic development for all purposes; there were aspects of economic' welfare which were not reflected in that national accounting measure. Even though this is one of the ele mentary lessons one has to teach in any undergraduate course in national income accounting, it acquired a new halo on being pronounced by our wise Prime Minister. It was discussed a lot at that time in the Delhi economic circles, as if the foundation of a few school of developmental economics had been announced, and there was much speculation as to who among the Prime Minister's admirers could have orginated this most unoriginal idea.

Maiginalist Explanation for More Intense Labour Input in Smaller Farms-Empirical Verification

Maiginalist Explanation for More Intense Labour Input in Smaller Farms Empirical Verification Ashok Rudra with the statistical assistance of Bela Bandopadhyaya As farm size increases, labour gets employed with increasing quantities of land and capital, but capital increases at a slower rate than does land. This results in increase in the average productivity of labour, but at a very low rate

Calculation of Efficiency Indices of Farmers-A Numerical Exercise

A Numerical Exercise Ashok Kumar Hati Ashok Rudra This paper presents the results of an exercise that was carried out with respect to a sample of farmers with a view to evaluating for each individual farm :

A Test of Hypothesis of Rational Allocation under Cobb-Douglas Technology

states and communist parties will, however, in the long run cost them dear. Imperialism has been, and will in future too, exploit the sharp differences and contradictions between socialist states resulting from their intensely nationalistic postures. They must heed the warning of the Vietnamese communists contained in the above quoted Nhan Dan editorial:

Direct Estimation of Surplus Labour in Agriculture

Agriculture Ashok Rudra (in collaboration with Ramdev Biswas) It was once a very widely held idea that one of the characteristic symptoms of underdevelopment was the existence of surplus labour in agriculture. While it was recognised that there were backward economies that were not labour surplus, there never was any supposition that the Indian economy was one of them. However, this universally held idea has been under attack during the last several years. The challenging view would have it that the labour surplus is illusory; that traditional agriculture is efficient enough to make full use of the total supply of labour in agriculture.

Allocative Efficiency of Indian Farmers-Some Methodological Doubts

Various researchers have of late praised the Indian farmer for his profit-maximising capacity and his allocative efficiency. This article questions the logical consistency of the analytical tools that have been used to arrive at this conclusion. It argues that the methodological drawbacks are so serious that nothing can be taken as proved or disproved about the allocative behaviour of Indian farmers.

Who Fathered the Green Revolution

Who Fathered the Green Revolution?
Ashok Rudra Agricultural Development in India's Districts by Dorris D Brown; Harvard University Press, 1971 (Oxford University Press, Bombay);


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