ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Press on Ayodhya Kar Seva

Asghar Ali Engineer The Press Council of India's two reports on the press coverage of the events in Ayodhya on October 30 and November 2 in some newspapers are harshly critical of such biased journalism. Laterally, they also draw attention to the issue of 'editorial activism'.

Remaking Indian Muslim Identity

Remaking Indian Muslim Identity Asghar Ali Engineer The assertion of religious identity in the process of democratisation and modernisation should not be seen only as religious fanaticism or fundamentalism; it should also be seen as a method by which deprived communities in a backward society seek to obtain a greater share of power, government jobs and economic resources.

Making of the Hyderabad Riots

Making of the Hyderabad Riots Asghar Ali Engineer Politicians, land-grabbers, anti-social elements and communal tensions all contributed to the genesis of the Hyderabad riots in which Hindus and Muslims were killed in almost equal numbers.

The Bloody Trail-Ramjanmabhoomi and Communal Violence in UP

The Bloody Trail Ramjanmabhoomi and Communal Violence in UP Asghar Ali Engineer The wave of communal violence engineered all over the country in the wake of the BJP's 'rath yatra' and the Vishwa Hindu Parishad's 'kar seva' has been the worst since 1947. In UP chief minister Mulayam Singh Yadav, abandoning his erstwhile 'secular' postures, has been a virtual bystander as anti-Muslim riots have erupted in most parts of the state. He has chosen not to act against either the incendiary propaganda campaign mounted by the VHP and the BJP or the partisan brutality of the PAC.

Muslims in a Multi-Religious Society

had in a letter dated May 7,1979, addressed to Maulana Muhammad Yusuf, president of the Jamate-Islami, stated: "I am pleased to inform you that a formal decision has already been taken with regard to permitting Muslims to say their prayers individually or in a 'jammat' in the mosque attached to archaeological monuments.'' Indira Gandhi refused even to meet a delegation of the Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat on this issue. They had to be content to give a memo to P C Sethi on September 5, 1983, At the meeting of the National Integration Council on January 21, 1984 she would not concede this right conferred by statute and conceded by the Janata. She gave the excuse of preservation of monuments. If accepted, this would rule out prayers at all holy places.

Communal Riots in Recent Months

mobilise the middle classes under the senas, caste is again being used to incite the middle classes among the forward The Ramjanmabhoomi issue has played a major role in sharpening communal tensions where they already existed and creating a communal divide where there was none.

National Front Government and Communal Situation

Even a brief survey of the riots which broke out after the National Front government took over at the centre reveals that its record is by no means satisfactory. While there is as yet no evidence that it is encouraging communalists the way the Congress did, it has not shown the firmness necessary to curb communal violence.

Grim Thagedy of Bhagalpur Riots-Role of Police-Criminal Nexus

Role of Police-Criminal Nexus Asghar Ali Engineer THB Ramjanmabhoomi-Babri Masjid controversy has taken a heavy toll in terms of human life. In Bhagalpur and its suburbs alone a thorough inquiry has established that more than 800 people died, Bhagalpur is a district town, a centre of education with many English medium boys schools, convents, government-run high schools, about a dozen colleges, a medical college and a university. It is also the headquarters of the district administration and a revenue division. It has a commissioner and deputy inspector general of police. Bui Bhagalpur is also a boiling cauldron of crime, it is notorious for criminal gangs which operate there with political support. The politicisation of crime in this town cuts across communal lines. There are notorious Hindu as well as Muslim criminals. There is fairly large proportion of Muslims in and around Bhagalpur. There are several villages with considerable proportion of Muslim population. Many Muslims are either weavers or in the powerloom business. Some Muslims are well-to-do businessmen or property owners like the owners of the Shah Market in Bhagalpur. Thus we see that Bhagalpur had all the elements required for fuelling a communal riot--communal rivalries, political rivalries, and criminal rivalries. The Ramjanmabhoomi controversy was the spark required to ignite the situation.

Kota Another Case of Planned Violence

Violence? Asghar Ali Engineer The September riots in Kota are yet another sign of the deteriorating communal situation in the country. An additional factor which must be taken into consideration is that in Kota, as in other places in recent times, it is the business groups among the Muslims which are being singled out for attack.

Communal Frenzy at Indore

Asghar Ali Engineer Narayan Dhanure, a former RSS man with criminal connections who is now in the Congress, signalled to a band of Hindu youths who came in batches and set fire to houses. Jabran colony was almost entirely burnt down. Some 270 huts belonging to Muslims were gutted while 15 Hindu huts were spared.

Communal Propaganda in Elections-A Landmark Judgment

and inflict violence upon the peasants and labourers. But the principal agency of anti- naxalite operations will however continue to be the special police, recently consolidated as a Special Task Force armed with anonymity and automatic weapons and commanded by the most notorious and powerful policeman in the state, deputy inspector general of police, K S Vyas. The kind of arms and organisation the naxalite groups have built up in the recent years put them beyond the range of private armies.

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