ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Biharsharif Carnage A Field Report

Biharsharif Carnage: A Field Report Asghar Ali Engineer WHILE caste and communal prejudices undoubtedly play an important' role in the eruption of caste and communal violence, they are seldom the sole cause. Close investigation invariably reveals that various powerful interests

Muslim Women

and even afterwards. Take for instance the fact that none of the Arab leader- ship knew Hebrew, Similarly of the 64 members of the JAE only three knew Arabic, he Jawish leadership had also very little contact with the Arabs in the countries neighbouring Palestine. This shows the Wide social, political and cultural distance between the Arabs and Jews in Palestine. Within their own communities the leadership- mass gap was wider in the case of Arab (84.4 per cent of leadership was urban when the population was predominantly peasant) than that in the Jewish case .because the Jewish population was overwhelmingly urban. Though the JAE members came from different western states, out of the 64 JAE members, 54 (84.4 per cent) knew Hebrew. This is an indication of the Jewish national and or religious consciousness. The Christian religions affiliation was an underlying factor in the selection of several men to the AHC, There was no AHC without a contingent of Christian Arabs on it.

MINORITIES: Dawoodi Bohra Reform Movement

The reform movement among the Dawoodi Bohras had made a countrywide impact after some defenders of democratic rights took up their cause arid constituted a commission headed by Narendra Nathwani, a retired judge of the Bombay high court. The commission inquired into allegations of seven' persecution of the reformist Bohras by the powerful priestly establishment. The national press too look a great deal of interest in the Bohra reform movement after the publication of the Nathwani Commission Report.

IRAN-A New Interpretation of Islam

IRAN A New Interpretation of Islam Asghar Ali Engineer WESTERN media keeps us informing about Khomeini's pronouncements or political executions in Iran or the holding of American hostages. However, the media keeps silent about other developments among various left-of-centre political groups. Some of these developments are of interest.

RELIGION-The Bohras Bound by Terror

opposite side of the road. There was also firing with country-made pistols, having a range of 10 feet or so. Around 8.30 pm the first shop (a sweetmeat shop) was attacked. The police who were watching did nothing to prevent the attack but instead marched down the Anupshahar road. They were then stoned and brick- batted and the police retaliated by latin-eluding the students. Meanwhile around 9 pm, the University siren was sounded by someone. (The siren is usually sounded to summon the students for general meetings.) Students from the hostels started pouring out in large numbers and joined the mob on the road. From then onwards large scale arson of the shops began. About two dozen shops in the Shamsad market along a half-a-mile stretch on the road were set on fire. Most of the shops belonged to Hindus.

IRAN-Another Showdown

April 7, 1979 nivance with the government, was in fact buying time to settle the disputes within the framework of the same ad hoc increase as was done in NTC mills, The trade unions under the control of left front partners were equally eager for a settlement. During the discussions, two TU bosses who are directors of NTC reportedly said that industrywise settlement will also be binding upon the NTC mills. But it is now clear the authority has hardly any desire to honour the tripartite wage settlement for it is not the NTC but the Bengal Mill Owners Association which is a party to the said agreement. Meanwhile the NTC workmen have started agitating. The campaign was opened by AITUC-led Textile Workers' Federation with a telegram to the Union industry minister asking him to intervene. But the implementation of industrywise settlement will not be an easy matter in the NTC mills since the Union industry minister is waiting with a Bill to amend industry regulation which seeks a moratorium of 5 to 8 years on disputes in industrial units taken over or managed by the government.

MUSLIMS-What Have the Muslim Leaders Done

 MUSLIMS What Have the Muslim Leaders Done? Asghar Ali Engineer THE Muslims are a major minority in India. No political party can capture power either at the Centre or in most if the states without Muslim support, in the last Lok Sabha elections too, Muslim support to the Janata party was crucial to its impressive victory. In view of the importance of Muslim otes, every political party promises to olve the problems being faced by them, he Janata party in making such proes before the elections was only fol- owing the Congress in this respect. Even the Jan Sangh which till the other lay was accusing the Congress of 'pam- bering the Muslims had to. even before being into Janata, change its policy towards the Muslims and at least normally accept 'secularism' as part of ts political creed.

Pre-Independence Politics

June 4, 197? and drawing up a code of conduct or conventions to guide him in his actions. The question is whether the powers that be at the Centre will accept that assumption as valid or continue to treat the Governor as their FOR a long time, Hindu-Muslim strife remained the main stumbling block in our freedom struggle. More often than not, the leaders of the two communities were preoccupied with deciding their respective shares in the spoils of power than in securing freedom for the country. Uma Kama's book presents one aspect of this struggle for sharing seats in provincial and central legislatures.

ELECTIONS- Do Muslims Vote as a Block

Asghar Ali Engineer THERE are' well over six crore Muslims in India; they constitute 11.2 per cent of the population. The Muslim vote, if cast en masse' can exercise a decisive influence over the outcome in a general election. There has been an impression; which is only partially true, that the Muslims vote as a block in favour of the ruling party; but studies of the electoral behaviour of the Indian Muslims indicate that the voting trends among Muslims do not differ much from those among other communities. Whenever there has been a general discontent in the country against the ruling party, as in the period before the 1969 general elections, the Muslims have given as much expression to such discontent through their electoral behaviour as any other section of the population.

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