ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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UTTAR PRADESH- Peasant-Merchant Conflict

third method, the total profit is 52 per cent of the minimum average price, and, out of this profit, the growers' share is 13 per cent and that of the traders is 87 per cent. On an average, the profit of growers and traders together is 50 per cent of the minimum average price and the share of the growers in the profit is 28 per cent and the share of the traders is 72 per cent.

MUSLIMS-Shia-Sunni Conflict

November 11, 1978 tile patch of country in West Bengal between the industrial conurbation of Howrah and the coal-mining region of Asansol being ravished, destroying the only picturesque spot in this area

BIHAR-Legal Loopholes to Landlords Rescue

BIHAR Legal Loopholes to Landlords' Rescue Arun Sinha THE Janata regime has not been successful in implementing land reforms. One reason for this is the strong resistance from feudal groups, represented mainly by the Jan Sangh. Secondly, there- is the argument that such soft-pedalling might make less frequent the massacre of landless peasants and sharecroppers which increased to highest levels as a result of the attempt to implement land reform. Thirdly, the weakness of the peasant movements has contributed to tardiness in implementation. But the most important reason of all is the 'legal impossibility' of land reform laws themselves.

The Horrors of Seraikela Jail

tain this level of historical sophistication' for more than two or three paragraphs, so he drops the whole pretence of intellectual argument and turns to the well-tried petty-bourgeois weapons of slander and character- assassination. But this means that the business of 'history' that he started with now has to be converted into an open swindle. Like the petty-bourgeois that he is, Banerjee sees a swindle in everything, including Marxist history. But unlike the petty-bourgeois right

BIHAR-Politics of Panchayat Elections

had projected in rough and ready fashion some time ago by way of a crash power programme or large projects in non-ferrous and ferrous processing industries which would be geared not merely to domestic requirements hut also to the requirements of the world markets is now beginning to assume clearer shape. This is a far cry, indeed, from the Janata party's original ideas of Gandhian ways of development.

BIHAR-An Encounter in Bhojpur

and denied all the facilities due to a TB patient. Valaambaal stated that these conditions in prison had forced her husband to try to escape. The Tamil Nadu governments attitude towards the release of Naxa- lite prisoners has been one of complete indifference. While many states have released Naxalite prisoners who have served five years of imprisonment, the Tamil Nadu government has refused to consider any such possibility. (Even in the case of MISA prisoners, Tamil Nadu was the only state to release them as late as November 1977.) Political activists continue to be hunted and harassed by the police and the blanket term 'Naxalite' is used effectively as an excuse to crush any people's movement in the state.

BIHAR-Development versus People

Development versus People Arun Sinha more than eight hours, sometimes postmen have to cover long distances and so village bazars or hats have become de facto mail distributing centres, The weight of mail bags was increased to 28 kgs from 14 kgs, thus foreing middle-aged persons to discontinue working. No overtime is allowed to EDAs, even for those working as night guards and darwans. These people also do not enjoy any facility of recruit- ment of dependants in case of accidental death. Night guards belong to the non- test category. Generally they have to work 12 hours instead of the normal five hours. They are fully responsible for security arrangements and any lapse by them invites criminal proceedings.

BIHAR-Advancing Class Interests in the Name

of Caste Arun Sinha A SUPERFICIAL view of developments in Bihar in the last few months gives the impression that caste has been the dominant factor in these events. There las been, for instance, the acute conflict over the question of reservation of job's for the so-called backward castes. There have also been the many cases of attacks on and murder of scheduled wastes. A closer look will show, however, that the basic factor underlying Rise developments is not caste really economic interest. Mahavir Mahto of Belehhi, who led the gang which massacred 11 agricultural labourers, oppressed even workers belonging to his own Kurmi caste. In Begusarai district, Bhumihar landlords are pitted against Bhumihar peasants and labourers led by the CPI. In Nalanda district in the fifties, Kurmi landlords backed the Ya- davs so long as the latter were fighting Rajput and Bhumihar landlords, but when the struggle came to be directed at Kurmi landlords, they started attacking the Yadav labourers and allied with the upper caste landlords.

BIHAR-The Bishrampur Carnage

BIHAR The Bishrampur Carnage Arun Sinha THE landless labourers, sharecroppers and small peasants of Bishrampur had decided not to celebrate Holi this year. On March 2 their leader, Bansropan Sah, had been arrested on a murder charge. This 40-year-old peasant, whom the chief minister had described as "a hardened criminal", had in recent years emerged as a protector of the poor and oppressed of not only Bishrampur but also of neighbouring villages. Wherever the landlords committed violence against the people, he would jump into the fray on the people's side. He would organise meetings and address them. Two years ago, when the labourers of Akodhi had struck for higher wages, Bansropan had supported them.

BIHAR-Class War in Bhojpur

If Reserve Bank could cull out from its computer sheets some key information in respect of units controlled by the large industrial houses it would be most useful.

BIHAR-Class War, Not Atrocities against Harijans

December 10, 1977 BIHAR Class War, Not 'Atrocities SINCE March this year Bihar has earned the dubious distinction of accounting for the largest number of cases of 'atrocities against harijans' among all the states. The major outrages have occurred in Kargahar,1 Belchhi,2 Pathadda,3 Chhaundadano,4 Gopalpur5 and Dha- rarhpura.6 The circumstances of these outrages make it clear that they should not he described as 'atrocities against harijans'. The victims had not been killed or persecuted because they were 'harijans', nor were the actions of the landlords just 'atrocities'. While in Kar- gahar, Pathadda and Copalpui the armed offensive of the landlords followed struggles for minimum wages, at Dha- rampura the issue was the occupancy rights of sharecroppers. In Belchhi and Chhaundadano the massacres came as reprisal for challenging the absolute feudal power of the landlords.

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