ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Dynamics of Industrial Change-Little New Light

Dynamics of Industrial Change Little New Light are recognised as the pioneering work in the field. The concepts and theories of the classical sociological thinkers (Marx, Weber and Durkheim) are summaril'y brushed aside as having ''directly or indirectly influenced the thinking of industrial sociologists in recent times' (p XV). Yet Mayo's Hawthorne experiments in a sense actualises Weber's dread of cynical manipulation in the name of scientific research, and represents the efforts of moribund capitalism to resuscitate itself from the Depression of 1929. Sheth writes in his Introduction: "In the West, industrial sociology owes its origin to the studies of Elton Mayo and his colleagues whose well known Hawthorne researches brought out the significance of informal social relations among members of a work group in determining its efficiency and productivity" (p XIII). Compare this with the words of a different lexicon, the "Nanterre Manifesto": "Inshowing the importance of affective phenomena in small groups. and in suggesting that human relations should be regulated in order to improve the productivity of workers, Mayo did much more than open a new field of sociology. He closed the epoch of social philosophy and speculative systems concerning the society as a whole and opened the glorious era of empiricism and of 'scientific' data collection. At the same time, in selling his services to management of an enterprise, Mayo initiated the age of the large-scale collaboration of sociologists with all of the powers of the bourgeois world

COAL MINES-Mechanisation for Whom

tonnes mark due to certain geological constraints not 'foreseen' during the prospecting and project preparation stage. The result was underutilisation of capacity by the ore handling plant. According to the Plant Manager, the main reason for these 'unforeseen geological constraints' was inadequate prospecting to determine the deposit. As a result, manual mining was introduced and from a mere subsidiary operation it became dominant in 1975 with its production exceeding mechanised production. With the commencement of operations at Bailadilla- 5, manual mining was terminated and about 8,000 workers were retrenched. Continuing manual mining was not even considered because of the huge machinery and the retrenchment compensation was marginal.

Continuity and Change

between the international trade unions and multinational corporations, They describe the role of the multi- nationals in circumventing blockades against South Africa. Though such boycotts are organised by the international trade unions against firms which do not provide appropriate freedom of association to workers (as in South Africa), the multinationals seldom appear to be affected by such gestures. The book acknowledges that the MNCs are a constant threat to Third World countries and provides evidence of trade unions working with the MNCs against the interests of their own nationals. Even if some of this is true, the links between AFL-CIO, the MNCs and the US government's overseas programmes get established. This may be probably the reason why many governments have an open door policy to American labour institutions, though the ICFTU is unwelcome. This is so because these countries are confident that if the AFL-CIO institutions can create unions, they could be also used to crush such militancy in labour as may develop in future.

Caste Idiom for Class Conflict Case of Khanjawala

Caste Idiom for Class Conflict: Case of Khanjawala Anjan Ghosh THE belief still persists that the caste system in India is a relic of the past which will disappear once industrialisation gets off the ground. It is not often realised that industrialisation pet se, especially in a peripheral social formation, can hardly lead to the eradication of caste discrimination. The specificity of a peripheral social formation arises from the precise nature of interaction between the capitalist and pre-capitalist elements within it. In India this interaction is manifested in the nature of caste-class configuration and conflict. In this report we hope to illustrate this specificity with the case of Khanjawala.


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