ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Animesh HalderSubscribe to Animesh Halder

A Case Study of Pavement Dwellers in Calcutta-Family Characteristics of the Urban Poor

Family Characteristics of the Urban Poor N Vijay Jagannathan Animesh Halder This paper examines the socio-economic characteristics of Calcutta's pavement dwellers based on an analysis of recent data generated by the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority. Family and demographic . characteristics are related to the socio-economic factors. The future prospects of pavement dwellers in Calcutta's urban economy are also assessed.

A Case Study of Pavement Dwellers in Calcutta-Occupation, Mobility and Rural-Urban Linkages

This is a study of occupational patterns and mobility among pavement dwellers in Calcutta. It reveals the existence of several segmented markets in the city's informal sector The segments are not necessarily impermeable, but usually access is dependent on contacts, and acceptability by dominant groups controlling access routes. While the data reveals a steady inflow of the rural poor from eastern India, their destinations are well defined, and are usually based on information obtained from relations and kinsmen of the village. An average income of around Rs 80-100 per week can be earned by a physically strong village youth prepared to lift heavy loads in the congested wholesale commodities markets in the city, or tranship passengers across short distances in rickshaws. Contacts, kinship ties, caste and communal factors can ease access to these earning opportunities. For the physically weak and under-nourished the opportunities are relatively fewer, but even then, substantial.

Income-Housing Linkages-A Case Study of Pavement Dwellers in Calcutta

Among the urban poor the concept of shelter has several dimensions. For some it is a vital factor of production in their economic pursuits; while for some others it is merely a barricade for privacy in a highly congested urban environment. There is also another category of urban poor who live and earn their living with no form of shelter whatsoever. This study analyses the factors influencing the decisions of such truely shelterless persons living on the pavements of Calcutta city.
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