ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Amitava GuhaSubscribe to Amitava Guha

India’s Domestic Pharmaceutical Firms and Their Contribution to National Innovation System-building

Domestic pharmaceutical firms continue to operate under the influence of the strategy of global integration of the pharmaceutical industry and healthcare. The link between domestic firms and public sector research organisations is the weakest link in the domestic pharmaceutical industry due to misguided policies in competence-building and innovation system-building after India accepted the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement in 1995. The government should rethink its strategies to get domestic firms to contribute to system-building activities and prioritise investment into the upgrading of processes of learning and building competence.

Pharmaceutical Pricing Policy: A Critique

The recently announced draft National Pharmaceutical Pricing Policy 2011 fails to ensure accessible and affordable medicines for all in India. This is due to the limited scope and market-based approach it offers to price control. Among other measures, policy should fix ceiling prices based on lowest priced alternatives instead of high-priced top sellers, aim to revive pharmaceutical public sector undertakings, and expand the current National List of Essential Medicines. Most importantly, pharmaceuticals must be brought under the remit of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to allow better coordination for public health interests.

Who Gains from Drug Policy Liberalisation

Who Gains from Drug Policy Liberalisation?
THE manufacture of drugs and the pharmaceuticals was regulated under the rules of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 which made it necessary for the manufacturers to obtain necessary licences from the state drug control authority only. On May 8, 1952 drugs and pharmaceuticals were put under the first schedule of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1952. According to this Act all manufacturers excepting those registered under the District industries Centre (Small Scale Industries) were supposed to apply for registration certificate and industrial approval.' In a meeting of the licensing committee held on November 23, 1953 implication of the term "New Article" was defined and certain parameters for exemption from obtaining such registration certificates were also decided. Between 1953 and 1966 only 17 multinational companies applied for such exemption, all others ignored/Violated the government directives.

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