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Why NPT Is Unacceptable

both the Comptroller and Auditor General and the Leftists will breathe down its neck. On the other hand, since the leftover reserves barely equal two-and-a-half- months' imports, the metaphorical wolf is very much at the door.

Confidence Building Not the Answer

outlay will go to augment the expenditure intended to keep these forces in a happy frame of mind. This will however imply that correspondingly less will be available for purposes of economic development. And whatever will be available will be ill- spent. Punjab has already proved the point. Armed might cannot take care of a mass malaise, but helps to aggravate it. If Khalistan has all of a sudden begun to look as less than an otiose proposition, it is altogether possible that the irrationality of what the union government is indulging tn will enhance the prospect of similar breakaway movements rearing their heads elsewhere in the country.

Continuity and Change in Soviet Foreign Policy under Gorbachev

Policy under Gorbachev Achin Vanaik The pursuit of 'socialism is one country' remains the principal bedrock of Soviet foreign policy under Gorbachev. Insofar as there has been an evolution since Stalin's time, it has been in the direction of even greater conservatism so that the distance between Soviet policy today and the classical internationalist perspective of Lenin's time is greater than ever.

Gorbachev s Delusion

Gorbachev's Delusion Achin Vanaik Despite the lacunae in the INF treaty its significance, which is essentially political, does not diminish. Gorbachev has been willing to accept that it is not necessary for the USSR to have nuclear 'parity' with the US, but that it is enough to maintain 'reasonable sufficiency' in order to possess an adequate nuclear deterrent. His mistake, however, is in promoting the illusion that capitalism is so 'reformable' that it will accept and work for a completely nuclear free world.

The Dr Strangelove Factor

The Dr Strangelove Factor Achin Vanaik To counter the proposition that horizontal nuclear proliferation heightens the probability of accidental nuclear assault, the pro-bomb lobby is putting forward, a new argument according to which, since the increase in the number of independently commanded nuclear submarines has not led to a higher risk of accidental nuclear war, neither will horizontal nuclear proliferation. The argument rests on false assumptions and is completely deceptive.

Will Pakistan Have a Test

integrated whole, natural calamities taking place in one corner of the country are no concern either of the other parts or of the government at the centre; it is the government of the state where the calamity takes place which has the onus of taking care of the problems that arise in the wake of a drought or a flood. The ministry has been particular to stress the point that the national insurance fund it has in mind will not be contributed to by the union government, the contributions will flow exclusively from the states. Since all insurance schemes work on the principle of a ceiling of award or compensation, it also follows that, however devastating a calamity, a state government could, under the proposed new arrangements, expect to receive funds to cater to relief only up to a point. Beyond that point, human beings and livestock are expected either to liquidate themselves or to fend for themselves. The born-again cliche of socialism is only to impress the newspaper-reading crowd. This government, particularly this ministry, has imbibed its philosophy from president Ronald Reagan's administration; disaster relief must be privatised, and each state government must pay for the relief it wants; if it does not pay, or pays less than what the desiccated accountants and their computers say it ought to, it will be either cut off from funds or paid in driblets.

American Hegemony in Pacific

American Hegemony in Pacific Achin Vanaik American dominance in the Pacific is such, that US naval strategic thinking has been offensive rather than defensive and there is a strong temptation for the US to exercise coercive diplomacy against the Soviet Union or against the latter's supposed proxies

Barren Fruits of Political Realism

and a public issue of Rs 5 crore, both at par. CENTRAL BANK OF INDIA, holding the number two position among the nationalised banks, made a record profit of Rs 24 crore in 1986 against Rs 6.75 crore in the previous year. Its total deposits as on December 31, 1986 stood at Rs 7,135 crore. Speaking to reporters at a press conference in Bombay on March 31, Central Bank of India's chairman and managing director M N Goiporia said that it transferred Rs 3.07 crore as dividend to the union government. Total credit at the end of 1986 stood at Rs 3,821 crore showing an increase of Rs 356 crore or 9.3 per cent during the year. Priority sector credit rose by Rs 185 crore to Rs 1,572 crore at the end of the year, an increase of 43.6 per cent which is substantially higher than the norm of 40 per cent. Similarly the share of direct agriculture in net credit was 15.3 per cent against the norm of 15 per cent. The share of weaker sections was 11 per cent. Scheduled caste and scheduled tribe beneficiaries claimed 52 per cent of the total credit disbursed under differential rate of interest scheme, against the stipulated norm of 40 per cent.

To Trust or Not to Trust

To Trust or Not to Trust Achin Vanaik NOT a week passes without some major newspaper in the country calling attention to the secret Pakistan preparations of a nuclear bomb and an appropriately high level statement by some senior official or the other in the Indian government that a Pakistan bomb will force India to re-evaluate its own position with regard to construction of a nuclear weapons system. The last few weeks have been no exception. Such is the general climate of 'informed' public opinion that it is just not possible to be too optimistic about the prospects of the sub-continent continuing to remain free of nuclear weapons. Gossip in the capital has it that the former foreign secretary A P Venkateshwaran was something of a 'dove' on the question of Indian nuclearisation in 'response' to Pakistani efforts at acquiring a nuclear weapons capability. If true, then his departure gives even less comfort to those who feel that the pressures for India going nuclear i e, establishing a nuclear weapons system, however rudimentary, are becoming disturbingly stronger.

A Clever Game

A Clever Game Achin Vanaik THE Ministry of External Affairs along with the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) organised a seminar on peace on November 21 and 22 at the India International Centre, New Delhi, This was partly to commemorate the UN declaration of 1986 as the ''international Year of Peace", perhaps partly as a prelude to Gorbachev's visit. Coming as it did not so long after the reports about Pakistan's testing of a nuclear trigger device, there may have been a few who hoped that it might also be effectively used to build up domestic pressure for India to embark publicly on a nuclear weapons building programme. The invitees were defence specialists, interested journalists and academics and retired as well as serving government officials.

In Defence of Leninism

In Defence of Leninism Achin Vanaik Literature of Revolution: Essays on Marxism by Norman Geras; Verso/NLB Publications, 1986;

Political Case for a NWFZ in South Asia

Political Case for a NWFZ in South Asia Achin Vanaik EVIDENCE from all directions is mounting that Pakistan is on the verge of achieving a nuclear weapons capability. Should India (having already shown such capability in 1974) now go in for systematic construction of a nuclear weapons system? Or are there real alternatives for resisting the process of nuclearisation of the subcontinent that should be pursued? If so, what are they?

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