ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Ernest Mandel

such interventions by governments, registering symbolic gestures or showing off an apparent concern for physical health of their people, are not peculiar to India or the developing world, in Europe or America, for example, stringent anti- smoking legislations have been passed not merely for preventing public nuisance but exhibiting a sense of anxiety for people's personal health. The concern of the governments for increasing the longevity of their people, however, cannot be taken seriously it one observes that there has Ernest Mandel been significant cut in the expenditure on health and welfare of the aged, including the old people's homes in many of these countries. Faced with the problem of providing basic amenities to the growing aged population who are both physically and economically handicapped, the per capita expenditure on the welfare programmes for the elderly has gone down significantly in the 1990s. In view of these, the avowed claims of the government to become custodians of personal health of people appears more of a hypocrisy and contradiction in policy.

Situating Threat of Hindu Nationalism-Problems with Fascist Paradigm

Any attempt to theorise the phenomenon of fascism and render it serviceable for contemporary purposes, such as the analysis of Hindu nationalism, must cope with the necessity and difficulty of establishing a fascist minimum' which embodies the main dynamics of fascism and is accepted as a dominant model amidst competing theories.

Reactions on Ayodhya

Achin Vanaik There are yet too many politicians in the Tory and Labour parties who see Muslim or Hindu religious leaders as 'neutral' brokers of immigrant vote banks and are prepared to give legitimacy to organisations which are not in fact strongly rooted in the immigrant communities.

Imperialism, Soviet Collapse and Implications for Post-Colonial World

for Post-Colonial World Achin Vanaik To ask how relevant is a Marxist approach today to any study of post-colonial societies is in large measure to ask how relevant is the notion of imperialism. What then is the current phase of imperialism? Is imperialism intrinsic to capitalist accumulation today or are we well into the post-imperialist era? How is capitalist accumulation organised in this phase and what does this imply for the coming period? Can imperialism or world capitalism industrialise/modernise the third world? Is 'national' or 'independent' development at all possible? What then are the implications for the post-colonial world of what has happened in the ex-USSR and eastern Europe?

A Liberal-Pluralist Paradigm

the kind of direct control from Delhi, which has been in force since 1984. When Indira Gandhi concluded in 1984 that she would not replicate another Punjab crisis in Kashmir, she took the unwise step of dismissing her experienced kinsman. B K Nehru and replacing him by Jagmohan Malhotra, "a man of great determination whose abilities in suppressing communal disorders had been well displayed". It was a violation of both the 1975 Kashmir Accord, the 1952 Delhi Agreement, and it also went against Article 370. When V P Singh became prime minister in 1989, the Kashmiris were given a repeat performance of Jagmohan's strong-arm tactics. Undoubtedly, both occasions revolutionised India's relations with Jammu and Kashmir. The deplorable policy of imposing various governors, whose basic qualifications are hatchet men for the ruling elite in Delhi rather than honourable administrators with a grasp of the task in hand, has added to the disenchantment of the Kashmiris, and played ino the hands of the militants and Pakistan.

US-USSR Relationship The Long View

Achin Vanaik Formulations of conventional international relations theory like 'political realism' do not analyse bloc and superpower rivalry in a manner that places adequate emphasis on the systemic characteristics of such rivalry. Thus US-USSR relations have been treated as essentially a 'great power' rivalry and the bloc conflict as one between two alliance structures associated with a bi-polar model of power equations on the world scale.

Examining the Ayodhya Conflict

Examining the Ayodhya Conflict Achin Vanaik ANY fears that this book might be a 'quickie' suffering from the usual defects of such productions will be dispelled by even the most cursory reading. Most of the contributions have been in the making for some time and the quality is uniformly high. Even those essays most directly focused on the Masjid-Mandir affair (Panikkar, Srivastava, Noorani) have sought to investigate the wider context of British rule, Hindu-Muslim relations in Avadh and the historical emergence of the Rama cult in which the controversy has to be situated.

Contemporary Relevance of Trotsky

Contemporary Relevance of Trotsky Achin Vanaik If a measured and balanced but nonetheless revolutionary optimism about the future has reasonable foundations for existence then Trotskyism is one of its most rational and powerful pillars.

End of an Era Turmoil in USSR and Eastern Europe

and Eastern Europe Achin Vanaik Identifying political theory, both Marxist and non-Marxist, east-west relations and the future of socialism as areas that merit investigation in the context of the sweeping changes in eastern Europe, this paper argues that the resurgence of political democracy there will deprive capitalism of one of its most powerful negative sources of stability, by removing models of actually existing socialism.one of the factors in diluting working class radicalism in the west.

Two Myths about Israel s Birth

accounts enormously enrich our perceptions of Telengana and of the range and depth of women's history. However, we must be careful that we do not fall into the trap of equating the public/private domain divide as a male/female one as well. Through historical circumstance women have been relegated more to the private domain than the public, but it is not enough to celebrate this difference and to laud the obsession with the personal as womanly. Just as movements and ideologies have to take account of feminine dimensions of experience, the women's movement has to take account of the public and private domains and reclaim for women their just share of both.

Talk-Test-Build

at home; he does the daily marketing sales round. Of course, he travels without ticket; he cannot afford to buy one. They all know him on the Bongaon- Sealdah line; and they are all kind to him. When there is an occasional ticket checking raid, somehow, they all get to know of it in advance. The train is stopped by pulling the alarm chain some way ahead of where the police and the checking staff are lying in wait, and he

Is There a Nationality Question in India

Achin Vanaik Rejecting any characterisation of India as a 'multinational'state or entity, the author argues that India is very much a nation-state which in the classical Marxist sense has solved the 'National Question'. What confronts the bourgeoisie and the class-state of India is the problem of nation-building or national integration.

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